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  1. DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are among the most deleterious types of DNA damage. DSBs are repaired by homologous recombination or non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). NHEJ, which is central to the process of ...

    Authors: Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Mohammad Reza Bordbar, Zahra Hojaji, Parham Habibzadeh, Dorna Afshinfar, Mohammad Miryounesi, Majid Fardaei and Mohammad Ali Faghihi
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:45
  2. Cystic fibrosis (CF; OMIM #219700) is a common autosomal recessive disease caused by pathogenic variants (henceforward mutations) in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR). The spectr...

    Authors: N. V. Petrova, N. Y. Kashirskaya, D. K. Saydaeva, A. V. Polyakov, T.A. Adyan, O. I. Simonova, Y. V. Gorinova, E. I. Kondratyeva, V. D. Sherman, O. G. Novoselova, T. A. Vasilyeva, A. V. Marakhonov, M. Macek Jr, E. K. Ginter and R. A. Zinchenko
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:44
  3. To investigate the clinical features and the underlying causal gene of a family with hereditary late-onset deafness in Inner Mongolia of China, and to provide evidence for the early genetic screening and diagn...

    Authors: Ningjin Wu, Husile Husile, Liqing Yang, Yaning Cao, Xing Li, Wenyan Huo, Haihua Bai, Yangjian Liu and Qizhu Wu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:43
  4. Congenital cataract is the most common cause of blindness among children worldwide. The aim of this study was to identify causative mutations in a Chinese family with isolated autosomal dominant posterior subc...

    Authors: Qi Fan, Dan Li, Lei Cai, Xiaodi Qiu, Zhennan Zhao, Jihong Wu, Jin Yang and Yi Lu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:42
  5. Congenital nystagmus (CN) and congenital cataracts are distinct eye diseases and are usually isolated. Cases with CN and congenital cataracts caused by different genes in one family have been rarely reported.

    Authors: Naihong Yan, Lirong Xiao, Chen Hou, Bo Guo, Wei Fan, Yingping Deng and Ke Ma
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:41
  6. Hyperekplexia also known as Startle disease is a rare neuromotor hereditary disorder characterized by exaggerated startle responses to unexpected auditory, tactile, and visual stimuli and generalized muscle st...

    Authors: Teresa Sprovieri, Carmine Ungaro, Serena Sivo, Michela Quintiliani, Ilaria Contaldo, Chiara Veredice, Luigi Citrigno, Maria Muglia, Francesca Cavalcanti, Sebastiano Cavallaro, Eugenio Mercuri and Domenica Battaglia
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:40
  7. Traditional and novel risk factors cannot sufficiently explain the differential susceptibility to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Epigenetics may serve to partially explain this residual disparity, with life cou...

    Authors: Elena M. Vidrascu, Alexander C. Bashore, Timothy D. Howard and Justin B. Moore
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:39
  8. HIF1A (Hypoxia-Inducible-Factor 1A) expression in solid tumors is relevant to establish resistance to therapeutic approaches. The use of compounds direct against hypoxia signaling and HIF1A does not show clini...

    Authors: Flora Cimmino, Marianna Avitabile, Vito Alessandro Lasorsa, Annalaura Montella, Lucia Pezone, Sueva Cantalupo, Feliciano Visconte, Maria Valeria Corrias, Achille Iolascon and Mario Capasso
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:37
  9. Acute chorioamnionitis (aCA), inflammation of the placenta and fetal membranes, is a frequently reported lesion in preterm deliveries. Genetic variants in innate immune system genes such as Interleukin-6 (IL6) ma...

    Authors: Chaini Konwar, Giulia F. Del Gobbo, Jefferson Terry and Wendy P. Robinson
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:36
  10. This article intends to explore the association between interleukin-6 gene (IL-6) -174 G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the risk and mortality of sepsis by conducting this updated meta-analysis with t...

    Authors: Yao Chen, Yanyan Hu and Zhenju Song
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:35
  11. Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a life-threatening disease resulting from primary or secondary hyper-inflammatory disorders. The typical symptoms include persistent fever, splenomegaly, cytopenia and si...

    Authors: Lingshuang Sheng, Wei Zhang, Jia Gu, Kefeng Shen, Hui Luo and Yang Yang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:34
  12. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of a large cohort of subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have successfully identified multiple risk genes, including fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7

    Authors: Xiaomei Zhang, Yongxin Guo, Jing Yang, Jianlou Niu, Lina Du, Haiyan Li and Xiaokun Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:33
  13. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in reproductive-age women. Multiple susceptible gene as well as environmental factors and their interaction each other are contributed to the PCO...

    Authors: Xiao-Yuan Shi, Ai-Ping Huang, Duo-Wen Xie and Xiao-Long Yu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:32
  14. Gaucher disease is a rare pan-ethnic, lysosomal storage disorder resulting due to beta-Glucosidase (GBA1) gene defect. This leads to the glucocerebrosidase enzyme deficiency and an increased accumulation of undeg...

    Authors: Jayesh Sheth, Riddhi Bhavsar, Mehul Mistri, Dhairya Pancholi, Ashish Bavdekar, Ashwin Dalal, Prajnya Ranganath, Katta M Girisha, Anju Shukla, Shubha Phadke, Ratna Puri, Inusha Panigrahi, Anupriya Kaur, Mamta Muranjan, Manisha Goyal, Radha Ramadevi…
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:31
  15. Deafness, autosomal recessive 77 (DFNB77) is a rare non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) worldwide, which is caused by deleterious variants within lipoxygenase homology domains 1 (LOXHD1). Here we identified that a ...

    Authors: Na Shen, Ting Wang, Delei Li, Aiguo Liu and Yanjun Lu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:30
  16. Tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15) is closely related to tumorigenesis and development. This study aimed to investigate the correlations between TNFSF15 polymorphisms and genetic susceptibility...

    Authors: Hui Gao, Zeren Niu, Zhi Zhang, Hongjiao Wu, Yuning Xie, Zhenbang Yang, Ang Li, Zhenxian Jia and Xuemei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:29
  17. Myopia is one of most common eye diseases in the world and affects 1 in 4 Americans. It is a complex disease caused by both environmental and genetics effects; the genetics effects are still not well understoo...

    Authors: Claire L. Simpson, Anthony M. Musolf, Qing Li, Laura Portas, Federico Murgia, Roberto Y. Cordero, Jennifer B. Cordero, Bilal A. Moiz, Emily R. Holzinger, Candace D. Middlebrooks, Deyana D. Lewis, Joan E. Bailey-Wilson and Dwight Stambolian
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:27
  18. Schizophrenia is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic and environmental etiology. Abnormal glutamate ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) type subunit 1 (NR1) may be a potenti...

    Authors: Yong-ping Liu, Mei Ding, Xi-cen Zhang, Yi Liu, Jin-feng Xuan, Jia-xin Xing, Xi Xia, Jun Yao and Bao-jie Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:26
  19. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can cause vision loss or blindness in elderly. The associations between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and AMD in Chinese Tujia ethnic minority group are still uncl...

    Authors: Shengchun Liu, Mingxing Wu, Bianwen Zhang, Xiaojing Xiong, Hao Wang and Xiyuan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:25
  20. Currently published studies investigating association between the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) gene polymorphisms and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) reported inconsistent and contradictory results...

    Authors: Hamideh Aghaei, Shayan Mostafaei, Saeed Aslani, Ahmadreza Jamshidi and Mahdi Mahmoudi
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:24
  21. Hereditary amyloidosis refers to a wide spectrum of rare diseases with different causative mutations in the genes of various proteins including transthyretin, apolipoprotein AI and AII, gelsolin, lysozyme, cys...

    Authors: Myrto Moutafi, Dimitrios C. Ziogas, Spyros Michopoulos, Tina Bagratuni, Vassiliki Vasileiou, Laura Verga, Giampaolo Merlini, Giovanni Palladini, Charis Matsouka, Meletios A. Dimopoulos and Efstathios Kastritis
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:23
  22. There are several meta-analyses on the genetic relationship between the rs1695 polymorphism within the GSTP1 (glutathione S-transferase pi 1) gene and the risk of different SCC (squamous cell carcinoma) diseases,...

    Authors: Shuang Wang, Jingqi Zhang, Fan Jun and Zhijie Bai
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:22
  23. The apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3) genes A3D, A3F, A3G and A3H have all been implicated in the restriction of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replicati...

    Authors: Nontokozo D. Matume, Denis M. Tebit, Laurie R. Gray, Stephen D. Turner, David Rekosh, Pascal O. Bessong and Marie-Louise Hammarskjöld
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:21
  24. Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a pleiotropic cytokine, plays a significant role in the inflammatory diseases. By a pilot study with small population, IL-17 polymorphisms (IL-17A rs2275913 and IL-17F rs763780) showed ...

    Authors: Yuming Bai, Shijun Gao, Ying Liu, Shengli Jin, Haisen Zhang and Ke Su
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:20
  25. Major symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are chronic bronchitis and emphysema leading from lung tissue destruction, that is an effect of an imbalance between metalloproteinases (MMPs) and...

    Authors: Iwona Gilowska, Edyta Majorczyk, Łukasz Kasper, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jan Szczegielniak, Marta Kasper, Jacek Kaczmarski, Aleksandra Skomudek, Marcin Czerwinski and Krzysztof Sładek
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:19
  26. Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) is a group of genetic autosomal recessive disorders that predominantly affects young children and results in early-onset progressive liver damage. Several t...

    Authors: Ting Ge, Xinyue Zhang, Yongmei Xiao, Yizhong Wang and Ting Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:18
  27. Many epidemiological studies have suggested that insulin-like growth factor1 (IGF1) gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may be associated with cancer risk. Among several commonly studied polymorphisms in

    Authors: Gui-Ping Xu, Wei-Xian Chen, Qing Zhao, Hua Zhou, Shi-Zhi Chen and Li-Fang Wu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:17
  28. KBG syndrome is a very rare autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by macrodontia, distinctive craniofacial findings, skeletal findings, post-natal short stature, and developmental delays, sometimes associ...

    Authors: Rita Maria Alves, Paolo Uva, Marielza F. Veiga, Manuela Oppo, Fabiana C. R. Zschaber, Giampiero Porcu, Henrique P. Porto, Ivana Persico, Stefano Onano, Gianmauro Cuccuru, Rossano Atzeni, Lauro C. N. Vieira, Marcos V. A. Pires, Francesco Cucca, Maria Betânia P. Toralles, Andrea Angius…
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:16
  29. Autosomal recessive nail dysplasia is characterized by thick and hard nails with a very slow growth on the hands and feet. Mutations in FZD6 gene were found to be associated with autosomal recessive nail dysplasi...

    Authors: Ceren Saygı, Yasemin Alanay, Uğur Sezerman, Aslı Yenenler and Nesrin Özören
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:15
  30. Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS) is an X-linked inheritance disorder characterized by bilateral congenital cataracts, and facial and dental dysmorphism. This disorder is caused by mutations in the NHS gene. However, NH...

    Authors: Chao Ling, Ruifang Sui, Fengxia Yao, Zhihong Wu, Xue Zhang and Shuyang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:14
  31. Muscular dystrophies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by variable degrees of progressive muscle degeneration and weakness. There is a wide variability in the age ...

    Authors: Fateme Ziyaee, Eslam Shorafa, Hassan Dastsooz, Parham Habibzadeh, Hamid Nemati, Amir Saeed, Mohammad Silawi, Mohammad Ali Farazi Fard, Mohammad Ali Faghihi and Seyed Alireza Dastgheib
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:13
  32. Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) Type 1 (OMIM 180849) is characterized by three main features: intellectual disability; broad and frequently angulated thumbs and halluces; and characteristic facial dysmorphism.

    Authors: Mohammad M. Al-Qattan, Abdulaziz Jarman, Atif Rafique, Zuhair N. Al-Hassnan and Heba M. Al-Qattan
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:12
  33. Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS) is a rare X-linked recessive neurodegenerative disorder resulting in early-onset hearing impairment, gradual dystonia and optic atrophy. MTS is caused by variations in the nucle...

    Authors: Hongyang Wang, Li Wang, Ju Yang, Linwei Yin, Lan Lan, Jin Li, Qiujing Zhang, Dayong Wang, Jing Guan and Qiuju Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:11
  34. Plaque psoriasis is a non-contagious skin disease in which characteristic red and flaky lesions result from a dysregulation involving both innate and adaptive immune mechanisms. Several cytokines have been imp...

    Authors: Tanel Traks, Maris Keermann, Ele Prans, Maire Karelson, Ulvi Loite, Gea Kõks, Helgi Silm, Sulev Kõks and Külli Kingo
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:10
  35. The interactive effect of the IGF pathway genes with the environment may contribute to childhood obesity. Such gene-environment interactions can take on complex forms. Detecting those relationships using longi...

    Authors: Cheng Wang, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, Jean-François Lefebvre, Kelly M. Burkett and Lise Dubois
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:9
  36. Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a clinical manifestation featured by velvety brown plaques in skin folds that occurs in some hereditary and syndromic disorders. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) mutations ...

    Authors: Junling Fu, Yiting Zhao, Tong Wang, Qian Zhang and Xinhua Xiao
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:8
  37. Host genetic factors affect the immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection as well as the progression of the disease. Epiregulin (EREG) belongs to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family, whic...

    Authors: Wen Cao, Liu-lin Luo, Wei-wei Chen, Li Liang, Ran-ran Zhang, Yan-lin Zhao, Jin Chen and Jun Yue
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:7
  38. Familial hypomagnesaemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis type 1 is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by excessive renal magnesium and calcium excretion, bilateral nephrocalcinosis, and prog...

    Authors: Ana Perdomo-Ramirez, Marian de Armas-Ortiz, Elena Ramos-Trujillo, Lorena Suarez-Artiles and Felix Claverie-Martin
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:6
  39. Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is characterized by the presence of at least one supernumerary X chromosome. KS typical symptoms include tall stature, gynecomastia, hypogonadism and azoospermia. KS patients show a h...

    Authors: Michele Salemi, Rossella Cannarella, Rosita A. Condorelli, Laura Cimino, Federico Ridolfo, Giorgio Giurato, Corrado Romano, Sandro La Vignera and Aldo E. Calogero
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:4
  40. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS MS) and simple fluorometric assays are currently used in newborn screening programs to detect inborn errors of metabolism (IEM). The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical u...

    Authors: Wenjie Wang, Jianping Yang, Jinjie Xue, Wenjuan Mu, Xiaogang Zhang, Wang Wu, Mengnan Xu, Yuyan Gong, Yiqian Liu, Yu Zhang, Xiaobing Xie, Weiyue Gu, Jigeng Bai and David S. Cram
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:3
  41. Preeclampsia can lead to adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. There are few studies on the association of preeclampsia with thrombophilia in Africa including Sudan.

    Authors: Nadir A. Ahmed, Ishag Adam, Salah Eldin G. Elzaki, Hiba A. Awooda and Hamdan Z. Hamdan
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:2
  42. Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS), a rare, multisystemic disorder, has been linked to genetic alterations in NIPBL, SMC1A, SMC3, HDAC8, and RAD21 genes. Approximately 60% of CdLS patients harbor various NIPBL var...

    Authors: Natalia Krawczynska, Jolanta Wierzba, Jacek Jasiecki and Bartosz Wasag
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:1
  43. Several studies have investigated the molecular drivers and therapeutic targets in adult soft tissue sarcomas. However, such studies are limited by the genomic heterogeneity and rarity of sarcomas, particularl...

    Authors: Jihyun Kim, June Hyuk Kim, Hyun Guy Kang, Seog Yun Park, Jung Yeon Yu, Eun Young Lee, Sung Eun Oh, Young Ho Kim, Tak Yun, Charny Park, Soo Young Cho and Hye Jin You
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19(Suppl 1):216

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  44. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) are the top two common neurodegenerative diseases in elderly. Recent studies found the α-synuclein have a key role in AD. Although many clinical and pathol...

    Authors: Zhifa Han, Rui Tian, Peng Ren, Wenyang Zhou, Pingping Wang, Meng Luo, Shuilin Jin and Qinghua Jiang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19(Suppl 1):215

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  45. Trichothiodystrophy nonphotosensitive 1 (TTDN1) is a disease with mental retardation, brittle hair. Some cases of the diseases are caused by mutations of the MPLKIP gene.

    Authors: Yi-Kun Zhou, Xiao-Chun Yang, Yang Cao, Heng Su, Li Liu, Zhi Liang and Yun Zheng
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19(Suppl 1):214

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  46. Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal disorder caused by deficient enzymatic activity of α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A). The insufficient enzymatic activity leads to excessive accumulation of glycosphi...

    Authors: Chi Zhou, Jin Huang, Guanglin Cui, Hesong Zeng, Dao Wen Wang and Qiang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:219