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  1. Content type: Research

    CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is found in 15–20% of malignant colorectal tumors and is characterized by strong CpG hypermethylation over the genome. The molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon are not...

    Authors: Maria S. Fedorova, George S. Krasnov, Elena N. Lukyanova, Andrew R. Zaretsky, Alexey A. Dmitriev, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Alexey A. Moskalev, Sergey L. Kharitonov, Elena A. Pudova, Zulfiya G. Guvatova, Anastasiya A. Kobelyatskaya, Irina A. Ishina, Elena N. Slavnova, Anastasia V. Lipatova, Maria A. Chernichenko, Dmitry V. Sidorov…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20(Suppl 1):52

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Research

    Population structure is an important factor in the genetic association studies but often remains underexplored for many human populations. We identified exome variants in 39 Siberian Caucasian individuals from...

    Authors: Andrey A. Yurchenko, Nikolai S. Yudin and Mikhail I. Voevoda

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20(Suppl 1):51

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Research

    Estrogen deficiency effects on affective-related behavior are restricted to certain periods of age after ovary removal. Among other nutraceuticals, one of such «natural» substances for treatment of affective-r...

    Authors: Julia O. Fedotova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20(Suppl 1):49

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Research

    Carotid paragangliomas (CPGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors that arise from the paraganglion at the bifurcation of the carotid artery and are responsible for approximately 65% of all head and neck paragangli...

    Authors: Anastasiya V. Snezhkina, Elena N. Lukyanova, Andrew R. Zaretsky, Dmitry V. Kalinin, Anatoly V. Pokrovsky, Alexander L. Golovyuk, George S. Krasnov, Maria S. Fedorova, Elena A. Pudova, Sergey L. Kharitonov, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Boris Y. Alekseev, Marina V. Kiseleva, Andrey D. Kaprin, Alexey A. Dmitriev and Anna V. Kudryavtseva

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20(Suppl 1):48

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Research

    Hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) is a classical side effect of antipsychotic drugs primarily attributed to blockade of dopamine D2 receptors (DRD2s) on the membranes of lactotroph cells within the pituitary gland. Ce...

    Authors: Diana Z. Osmanova, Maxim B. Freidin, Olga Yu. Fedorenko, Ivan V. Pozhidaev, Anastasiia S. Boiko, Natalia M. Vyalova, Vladimir V. Tiguntsev, Elena G. Kornetova, Anton J. M. Loonen, Arkadiy V. Semke, Bob Wilffert, Nikolay A. Bokhan and Svetlana A. Ivanova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20(Suppl 1):47

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Case report

    Reports on autosomal recessive optic atrophy (arOA) are sparse and so far, only one gene has been specifically associated with non-syndromic arOA, namely TMEM126A. To date, all reports of pathogenic TMEM126A vari...

    Authors: Katja Kloth, Matthis Synofzik, Christoph Kernstock, Simone Schimpf-Linzenbold, Frank Schuettauf, Axel Neu, Bernd Wissinger and Nicole Weisschuh

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:62

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a rare cardiac disease, for which several genes including TNNT2, MYPN, FLNC and TNNI3 have been associated with its familial form.

    Authors: Malena P. Pantou, Polyxeni Gourzi, Aggeliki Gkouziouta, Iakovos Armenis, Loukas Kaklamanis, Christianna Zygouri, Pantelis Constantoulakis, Stamatis Adamopoulos and Dimitrios Degiannis

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:61

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  8. Content type: Research article

    MYO15A variants are responsible for human non-syndromic autosomal recessive deafness (DFNB3). The majority of MYO15A variants are associated with a congenital severe-to-profound hearing loss phenotype, except for...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Jing Guan, Hongyang Wang, Linwei Yin, Dayong Wang, Lidong Zhao, Huifang Zhou and Qiuju Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:60

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have focused on the association between KIF1B rs17401966 polymorphism and susceptibility to hepatitis B virus-related (HBV-related) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the conclusions have been...

    Authors: Ying-ying Luo, Hong-peng Zhang, Ai-long Huang and Jie-li Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:59

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The chitinase-like protein YKL-40 plays a major role in inhibiting the inflammasome. Deregulation of inflammasome activation is emerging as a key modulator of pathologic airway inflammation in patients with as...

    Authors: Jun Kanazawa, Haruna Kitazawa, Hironori Masuko, Yohei Yatagai, Tohru Sakamoto, Yoshiko Kaneko, Hiroaki Iijima, Takashi Naito, Takefumi Saito, Emiko Noguchi, Satoshi Konno, Masaharu Nishimura, Tomomitsu Hirota, Mayumi Tamari and Nobuyuki Hizawa

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:58

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Many mutations in the α-tectorin gene (TECTA) have been reported to cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in either a dominant or recessive inheritance pattern. Among the identified TECTA mutations, H1400Y has ...

    Authors: Gi-Sung Nam, John Hoon Rim, Jae Young Choi, Heon Yung Gee, Jong Rak Choi, Seung-Tae Lee and Jinsei Jung

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:57

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  12. Content type: Case report

    PHKA2 gene mutations can cause liver phosphorylase kinase (PhK) deficiency, resulting in glycogen storage disease type IXa (GSD IXa). Elevated liver transaminase levels and liver enlargement are the most frequent...

    Authors: Junling Fu, Tong Wang and Xinhua Xiao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:56

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  13. Content type: Research article

    RNF213 rare variant-p.R4810K (rs112735431) was significantly associated with intracranial artery stenosis/occlusion disease (ICASO) in Japan and Korea and to a lesser degree in China. Considering the allelic hete...

    Authors: Xin Liao, Tong Zhang, Bingyang Li, Shimin Hu, Junyu Liu, Jing Deng, Hongzhuan Tan and Junxia Yan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:55

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Primary cutaneous malignant melanoma is a cancer of the pigment cells of the skin, some of which are accompanied by BRAF mutation. Melanoma incidence and mortality rates have been rising around the world. As the ...

    Authors: Bin Zhao, Yanqiu You, Zheng Wan, Yunhan Ma, Yani Huo, Hongyi Liu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Wei Quan, Weibin Chen, Xiaohong Zhang, Fujun Li and Yilin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:54

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPRD) is a rare autosomal-recessive, non-inflammatory arthropathy, shown to be caused by mutations in the WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 3 (WISP3) gene. Although ...

    Authors: Ben Pode-Shakked, Asaf Vivante, Ortal Barel, Shai Padeh, Dina Marek-Yagel, Alvit Veber, Shachar Abudi, Aviva Eliyahu, Irit Tirosh, Shiri Shpilman, Shirlee Shril, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Mordechai Shohat and Yair Anikster

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:53

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  16. Content type: Case report

    DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are among the most deleterious types of DNA damage. DSBs are repaired by homologous recombination or non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). NHEJ, which is central to the process of ...

    Authors: Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Mohammad Reza Bordbar, Zahra Hojaji, Parham Habibzadeh, Dorna Afshinfar, Mohammad Miryounesi, Majid Fardaei and Mohammad Ali Faghihi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:45

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cystic fibrosis (CF; OMIM #219700) is a common autosomal recessive disease caused by pathogenic variants (henceforward mutations) in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR). The spectr...

    Authors: N. V. Petrova, N. Y. Kashirskaya, D. K. Saydaeva, A. V. Polyakov, T.A. Adyan, O. I. Simonova, Y. V. Gorinova, E. I. Kondratyeva, V. D. Sherman, O. G. Novoselova, T. A. Vasilyeva, A. V. Marakhonov, M. Macek Jr, E. K. Ginter and R. A. Zinchenko

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:44

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the clinical features and the underlying causal gene of a family with hereditary late-onset deafness in Inner Mongolia of China, and to provide evidence for the early genetic screening and diagn...

    Authors: Ningjin Wu, Husile Husile, Liqing Yang, Yaning Cao, Xing Li, Wenyan Huo, Haihua Bai, Yangjian Liu and Qizhu Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:43

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Congenital cataract is the most common cause of blindness among children worldwide. The aim of this study was to identify causative mutations in a Chinese family with isolated autosomal dominant posterior subc...

    Authors: Qi Fan, Dan Li, Lei Cai, Xiaodi Qiu, Zhennan Zhao, Jihong Wu, Jin Yang and Yi Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:42

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Congenital nystagmus (CN) and congenital cataracts are distinct eye diseases and are usually isolated. Cases with CN and congenital cataracts caused by different genes in one family have been rarely reported.

    Authors: Naihong Yan, Lirong Xiao, Chen Hou, Bo Guo, Wei Fan, Yingping Deng and Ke Ma

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:41

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Hyperekplexia also known as Startle disease is a rare neuromotor hereditary disorder characterized by exaggerated startle responses to unexpected auditory, tactile, and visual stimuli and generalized muscle st...

    Authors: Teresa Sprovieri, Carmine Ungaro, Serena Sivo, Michela Quintiliani, Ilaria Contaldo, Chiara Veredice, Luigi Citrigno, Maria Muglia, Francesca Cavalcanti, Sebastiano Cavallaro, Eugenio Mercuri and Domenica Battaglia

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:40

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Traditional and novel risk factors cannot sufficiently explain the differential susceptibility to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Epigenetics may serve to partially explain this residual disparity, with life cou...

    Authors: Elena M. Vidrascu, Alexander C. Bashore, Timothy D. Howard and Justin B. Moore

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:39

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  23. Content type: Research article

    HIF1A (Hypoxia-Inducible-Factor 1A) expression in solid tumors is relevant to establish resistance to therapeutic approaches. The use of compounds direct against hypoxia signaling and HIF1A does not show clini...

    Authors: Flora Cimmino, Marianna Avitabile, Vito Alessandro Lasorsa, Annalaura Montella, Lucia Pezone, Sueva Cantalupo, Feliciano Visconte, Maria Valeria Corrias, Achille Iolascon and Mario Capasso

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:37

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Acute chorioamnionitis (aCA), inflammation of the placenta and fetal membranes, is a frequently reported lesion in preterm deliveries. Genetic variants in innate immune system genes such as Interleukin-6 (IL6) ma...

    Authors: Chaini Konwar, Giulia F. Del Gobbo, Jefferson Terry and Wendy P. Robinson

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:36

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  25. Content type: Research article

    This article intends to explore the association between interleukin-6 gene (IL-6) -174 G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the risk and mortality of sepsis by conducting this updated meta-analysis with t...

    Authors: Yao Chen, Yanyan Hu and Zhenju Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:35

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a life-threatening disease resulting from primary or secondary hyper-inflammatory disorders. The typical symptoms include persistent fever, splenomegaly, cytopenia and si...

    Authors: Lingshuang Sheng, Wei Zhang, Jia Gu, Kefeng Shen, Hui Luo and Yang Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:34

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of a large cohort of subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have successfully identified multiple risk genes, including fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7

    Authors: Xiaomei Zhang, Yongxin Guo, Jing Yang, Jianlou Niu, Lina Du, Haiyan Li and Xiaokun Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:33

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in reproductive-age women. Multiple susceptible gene as well as environmental factors and their interaction each other are contributed to the PCO...

    Authors: Xiao-Yuan Shi, Ai-Ping Huang, Duo-Wen Xie and Xiao-Long Yu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:32

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Gaucher disease is a rare pan-ethnic, lysosomal storage disorder resulting due to beta-Glucosidase (GBA1) gene defect. This leads to the glucocerebrosidase enzyme deficiency and an increased accumulation of undeg...

    Authors: Jayesh Sheth, Riddhi Bhavsar, Mehul Mistri, Dhairya Pancholi, Ashish Bavdekar, Ashwin Dalal, Prajnya Ranganath, Katta M Girisha, Anju Shukla, Shubha Phadke, Ratna Puri, Inusha Panigrahi, Anupriya Kaur, Mamta Muranjan, Manisha Goyal, Radha Ramadevi…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:31

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Deafness, autosomal recessive 77 (DFNB77) is a rare non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) worldwide, which is caused by deleterious variants within lipoxygenase homology domains 1 (LOXHD1). Here we identified that a ...

    Authors: Na Shen, Ting Wang, Delei Li, Aiguo Liu and Yanjun Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:30

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15) is closely related to tumorigenesis and development. This study aimed to investigate the correlations between TNFSF15 polymorphisms and genetic susceptibility...

    Authors: Hui Gao, Zeren Niu, Zhi Zhang, Hongjiao Wu, Yuning Xie, Zhenbang Yang, Ang Li, Zhenxian Jia and Xuemei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:29

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Myopia is one of most common eye diseases in the world and affects 1 in 4 Americans. It is a complex disease caused by both environmental and genetics effects; the genetics effects are still not well understoo...

    Authors: Claire L. Simpson, Anthony M. Musolf, Qing Li, Laura Portas, Federico Murgia, Roberto Y. Cordero, Jennifer B. Cordero, Bilal A. Moiz, Emily R. Holzinger, Candace D. Middlebrooks, Deyana D. Lewis, Joan E. Bailey-Wilson and Dwight Stambolian

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:27

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Schizophrenia is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic and environmental etiology. Abnormal glutamate ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) type subunit 1 (NR1) may be a potenti...

    Authors: Yong-ping Liu, Mei Ding, Xi-cen Zhang, Yi Liu, Jin-feng Xuan, Jia-xin Xing, Xi Xia, Jun Yao and Bao-jie Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:26

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can cause vision loss or blindness in elderly. The associations between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and AMD in Chinese Tujia ethnic minority group are still uncl...

    Authors: Shengchun Liu, Mingxing Wu, Bianwen Zhang, Xiaojing Xiong, Hao Wang and Xiyuan Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:25

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Currently published studies investigating association between the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) gene polymorphisms and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) reported inconsistent and contradictory results...

    Authors: Hamideh Aghaei, Shayan Mostafaei, Saeed Aslani, Ahmadreza Jamshidi and Mahdi Mahmoudi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:24

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary amyloidosis refers to a wide spectrum of rare diseases with different causative mutations in the genes of various proteins including transthyretin, apolipoprotein AI and AII, gelsolin, lysozyme, cys...

    Authors: Myrto Moutafi, Dimitrios C. Ziogas, Spyros Michopoulos, Tina Bagratuni, Vassiliki Vasileiou, Laura Verga, Giampaolo Merlini, Giovanni Palladini, Charis Matsouka, Meletios A. Dimopoulos and Efstathios Kastritis

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:23

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  37. Content type: Research article

    There are several meta-analyses on the genetic relationship between the rs1695 polymorphism within the GSTP1 (glutathione S-transferase pi 1) gene and the risk of different SCC (squamous cell carcinoma) diseases,...

    Authors: Shuang Wang, Jingqi Zhang, Fan Jun and Zhijie Bai

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:22

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3) genes A3D, A3F, A3G and A3H have all been implicated in the restriction of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replicati...

    Authors: Nontokozo D. Matume, Denis M. Tebit, Laurie R. Gray, Stephen D. Turner, David Rekosh, Pascal O. Bessong and Marie-Louise Hammarskjöld

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:21

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a pleiotropic cytokine, plays a significant role in the inflammatory diseases. By a pilot study with small population, IL-17 polymorphisms (IL-17A rs2275913 and IL-17F rs763780) showed ...

    Authors: Yuming Bai, Shijun Gao, Ying Liu, Shengli Jin, Haisen Zhang and Ke Su

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:20

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Major symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are chronic bronchitis and emphysema leading from lung tissue destruction, that is an effect of an imbalance between metalloproteinases (MMPs) and...

    Authors: Iwona Gilowska, Edyta Majorczyk, Łukasz Kasper, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jan Szczegielniak, Marta Kasper, Jacek Kaczmarski, Aleksandra Skomudek, Marcin Czerwinski and Krzysztof Sładek

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:19

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) is a group of genetic autosomal recessive disorders that predominantly affects young children and results in early-onset progressive liver damage. Several t...

    Authors: Ting Ge, Xinyue Zhang, Yongmei Xiao, Yizhong Wang and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:18

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Many epidemiological studies have suggested that insulin-like growth factor1 (IGF1) gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may be associated with cancer risk. Among several commonly studied polymorphisms in

    Authors: Gui-Ping Xu, Wei-Xian Chen, Qing Zhao, Hua Zhou, Shi-Zhi Chen and Li-Fang Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:17

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  43. Content type: Case report

    KBG syndrome is a very rare autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by macrodontia, distinctive craniofacial findings, skeletal findings, post-natal short stature, and developmental delays, sometimes associ...

    Authors: Rita Maria Alves, Paolo Uva, Marielza F. Veiga, Manuela Oppo, Fabiana C. R. Zschaber, Giampiero Porcu, Henrique P. Porto, Ivana Persico, Stefano Onano, Gianmauro Cuccuru, Rossano Atzeni, Lauro C. N. Vieira, Marcos V. A. Pires, Francesco Cucca, Maria Betânia P. Toralles, Andrea Angius…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:16

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Autosomal recessive nail dysplasia is characterized by thick and hard nails with a very slow growth on the hands and feet. Mutations in FZD6 gene were found to be associated with autosomal recessive nail dysplasi...

    Authors: Ceren Saygı, Yasemin Alanay, Uğur Sezerman, Aslı Yenenler and Nesrin Özören

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:15

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS) is an X-linked inheritance disorder characterized by bilateral congenital cataracts, and facial and dental dysmorphism. This disorder is caused by mutations in the NHS gene. However, NH...

    Authors: Chao Ling, Ruifang Sui, Fengxia Yao, Zhihong Wu, Xue Zhang and Shuyang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:14

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Muscular dystrophies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by variable degrees of progressive muscle degeneration and weakness. There is a wide variability in the age ...

    Authors: Fateme Ziyaee, Eslam Shorafa, Hassan Dastsooz, Parham Habibzadeh, Hamid Nemati, Amir Saeed, Mohammad Silawi, Mohammad Ali Farazi Fard, Mohammad Ali Faghihi and Seyed Alireza Dastgheib

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:13

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