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  1. Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is a common condition associated with high mortality. It is predominantly inherited in an autosomal dominant manner with reduced penetrance and variable expressio...

    Authors: Wenwen Zhang, Qian Han, Zhao Liu, Wei Zhou, Qing Cao and Weimin Zhou
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:218
  2. The incidence of RC tears increases with aging, affecting approximately 30 to 50% of individuals older than 50 years, and more than 50% of individuals older than 80 years. Intrinsic factors (age or gender), ex...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Katia Margiotti, Stefano Petrillo, Giacomo Rizzello, Caterina Fusilli, Nicola Maffulli, Alessandro De Luca and Vincenzo Denaro
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:217
  3. The aim of this study was to investigate the occupational stress and hypertension in desert petroleum workers in Xinjiang, and to analyze the association of occupational stress and glucocorticoid receptor (GR)...

    Authors: Ning Tao, Hua Ge, Wenfeng Wu, Hengqing An, Jiwen Liu and Xinjuan Xu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:213
  4. Dwarfism is a common severe growth disorder, but the etiology is unclear in the majority of cases. Recombinant human growth hormone may be a treatment option, but it has limited efficacy. The currently known l...

    Authors: Lulu Yang, Chenhui Zhang, Wei Wang, Junqi Wang, Yuan Xiao, Wenli Lu, Xiaoyu Ma, Lifen Chen, Jihong Ni, Defen Wang, Jinxiu Shi and Zhiya Dong
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:212
  5. Tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome (TRPS) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by distinctive craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities, while non-ossifying fibroma (NOF) is a common benign ...

    Authors: Weijuan Su, Xiulin Shi, Mingzhu Lin, Caoxin Huang, Liying Wang, Haiqu Song, Yanzhen Zhuang, Haifang Zhang, Nanzhu Li and Xuejun Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:211
  6. Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) is an X-linked recessive disorder involving a defect in the urea cycle caused by OTC gene mutations. Although a total of 417 disease-causing mutations in OTC have been...

    Authors: Katsuyuki Yokoi, Yoko Nakajima, Hidehito Inagaki, Makiko Tsutsumi, Tetsuya Ito and Hiroki Kurahashi
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:210
  7. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a common recessive X-linked hereditary disease that affects the development of ectoderm. Gene mutations of ectodysplasin A (EDA) play key roles in process of this dis...

    Authors: Fangqi He, Hongfeng Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Qingping Gao, Feng Guo and Chang Chen
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:209
  8. Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and/or thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is characterized by a considerable risk of morbidity and mortality of affected individuals. It is inherited in an autosomal ...

    Authors: Anna Keravnou, Evy Bashiardes, Kyriaki Michailidou, Marinos Soteriou, Areti Moushi and Marios Cariolou
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:208
  9. The genetics of fetal insulin release and/or action have been suggested to affect fetal growth, adult insulin resistance and adult body composition. The genetic correlation between body composition at birth ve...

    Authors: Mette Hollensted, Claus T. Ekstrøm, Oluf Pedersen, Hans Eiberg, Torben Hansen and Anette Prior Gjesing
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:207
  10. The objective of this study was to examine individual and community factors that influence high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidemia in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), a genetically isolated po...

    Authors: Erfan Aref-Eshghi, Oliver Hurley, Guang Sun, Alvin Simms, Marshall Godwin, Pauline Duke, Mehdee Araee, Masoud Mahdavian and Shabnam Asghari
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:205
  11. Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominant inherited cancer syndrome, and VHL is identified as a tumor suppressor gene. The main objective of this study was to identify disease-causing mutations in ...

    Authors: Xing Wu, Lanlan Chen, Yixin Zhang, Hainan Xie, Meirong Xue, Yi Wang and Houbin Huang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:204
  12. Obesity is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. More than 120 genes have been shown to be associated with obesity related phenotypes. The aim of this study was to determine the effect o...

    Authors: Shahanas Chathoth, Mona H. Ismail, Chittibabu Vatte, Cyril Cyrus, Zhara Al Ali, Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed, Sadananda Acharya, Aisha Mohammed Al Barqi and Amein Al Ali
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:203
  13. Genetic defects in the mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase are important causes of mitochondrial disorders. VARS2 is one of the genes encoding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Recently, an increasing number of pat...

    Authors: Keze Ma, Mingyu Xie, Xiaoguang He, Guojun Liu, Xiaomei Lu, Qi Peng, Baimao Zhong and Ning Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:202
  14. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is divided into four different etiological categories: type 1 DM (T1DM), type 2 DM (T2DM), other specific types, and gestational DM. One severe complication of T2DM is type 2 diabetic ne...

    Authors: Tianbiao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Hongzhen Zhong and Zhiqing Zhong
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:201
  15. Steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is a genetically heterogeneous disease with significant phenotypic variability. More than 53 podocyte-expressed genes are implicated in SRNS which complicates the ro...

    Authors: Annes Siji, K. N. Karthik, Varsha Chhotusing Pardeshi, P. S. Hari and Anil Vasudevan
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:200
  16. Mutations in the genes encoding leptin (LEP), the leptin receptor (LEPR), and the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) are known to cause severe early-onset childhood obesity. The aim of the current study was to examin...

    Authors: Robina Khan Niazi, Anette P Gjesing, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Asmat Ullah, Gulbin Shahid, Wasim Ahmad, Asma Gul and Torben Hansen
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:199
  17. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic renal disorder in humans, affecting 1 in 400 to 1000 individuals. Mutations PKD1 (which accounts for 85% of ADPKD and produces pol...

    Authors: Peiwen Xu, Sexing Huang, Jie Li, Yang Zou, Ming Gao, Ranran Kang, Junhao Yan, Xuan Gao and Yuan Gao
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:198
  18. TRRAP encodes a multidomain protein kinase that works as a genetic cofactor to influence DNA methylation patterns, DNA damage repair, and chromatin remodeling. TRRAP protein is vital to early neural developmental...

    Authors: Chrystal F. Mavros, Catherine A. Brownstein, Roshni Thyagrajan, Casie A. Genetti, Sahil Tembulkar, Kelsey Graber, Quinn Murphy, Kristin Cabral, Grace E. VanNoy, Matthew Bainbridge, Jiahai Shi, Pankaj B. Agrawal, Alan H. Beggs, Eugene D’Angelo and Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:197
  19. IARS2 encodes a mitochondrial isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, a highly conserved nuclear-encoded enzyme required for the charging of tRNAs with their cognate amino acid for translation. Recently, pathogenic IARS2 vari...

    Authors: Barbara Vona, Reza Maroofian, Emanuele Bellacchio, Maryam Najafi, Kyle Thompson, Ahmad Alahmad, Langping He, Najmeh Ahangari, Abolfazl Rad, Sima Shahrokhzadeh, Paulina Bahena, Falk Mittag, Frank Traub, Jebrail Movaffagh, Nafise Amiri, Mohammad Doosti…
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:196
  20. To describe the clinical phenotype and genetic cause underlying the disease pathology in a pedigree (affected n = 9) with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS1) due to a novel RS1 mutation and to assess suitability for n...

    Authors: Kirk Stephenson, Adrian Dockery, Niamh Wynne, Matthew Carrigan, Paul Kenna, G. Jane Farrar and David Keegan
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:195
  21. The energy homeostasis-associated gene (ENHO), retinoid X receptor alpha gene (RXRA), and liver X receptor alpha gene (LXRA) are involved in adipogenic/lipogenic regulation. We investigated whether single-nucleot...

    Authors: Alicja E. Grzegorzewska, Leszek Niepolski, Monika K. Świderska, Adrianna Mostowska, Ireneusz Stolarek, Wojciech Warchoł, Marek Figlerowicz and Paweł P. Jagodziński
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:194
  22. X-linked creatine transporter deficiency (OMIM#300036,CRTR-D) is characterized by cerebral creatine deficiency, intellectual disabilities, severe speech impairment, seizures and behavioral problems. Mutations ...

    Authors: Qin Wang, Jingxin Yang, Yang Liu, Xingping Li, Fuwei Luo and Jiansheng Xie
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:193
  23. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which genetics plays a key aetiological role. The gene encoding NAD(P)H steroid dehydrogenase-like protein (NSDHL) is expressed in developing cor...

    Authors: Chun-Chun Hu, Yun-Jun Sun, Chun-xue Liu, Bing-rui Zhou, Chun-yang Li, Qiong Xu and Xiu Xu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:192
  24. MEF2C (Myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2C) has been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. This study aimed at delineating the clinical profiles of MEF2C gene mutations.

    Authors: Jiaping Wang, Qingping Zhang, Yan Chen, Shujie Yu, Xiru Wu, Xinhua Bao and Yongxin Wen
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:191
  25. Currently, several studies have demonstrated that PRKAA1 polymorphisms conduce to the development of cancer. PRKAA1 gene encodes the AMP-activated protein kinase summit-α1, and plays an important role in cell met...

    Authors: Jialin Meng, Xinyao Fan, Meng Zhang, Zongyao Hao and Chaozhao Liang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:189
  26. Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant hereditary syndrome characterised by the development of hundreds to thousands of adenomatous colonic polyps during the second decade of life. FAP i...

    Authors: Hoa Giang, Vu T Nguyen, Sinh D Nguyen, Huu-Phuc Nguyen, Binh T Vo, Truc M Nguyen, Nguyen H Nguyen, Kiet D Truong, Thanh-Thuy T Do, Minh-Duy Phan and Hoai-Nghia Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:188
  27. Individuals of African ethnicity are disproportionately burdened with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, despite the genetic link, genetic association studies of CKD in African populations are lacking.

    Authors: Cindy George, Yandiswa Y Yako, Ikechi G Okpechi, Tandi E Matsha, Francois J. Kaze Folefack and Andre P Kengne
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:187
  28. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the commonest inherited kidney disease, is generally caused by heterozygous mutations in PKD1, PKD2, or GANAB (PKD3).

    Authors: Wen-Bin He, Wen-Juan Xiao, Yue-Qiu Tan, Xiao-Meng Zhao, Wen Li, Qian-Jun Zhang, Chang-Gao Zhong, Xiu-Rong Li, Liang Hu, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin and Juan Du
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:186
  29. Prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease, meaning patients would benefit from different treatment strategies based on their molecular stratification. In recent years, several genomic studies have identified ...

    Authors: Yi Ma, Lijie He, Qianwen Huang, Shuang Zheng, Zhiqiang Zhang, Hongshi Li and Shuang Liu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:185
  30. Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. In more than 95% of females with classic RTT a pathogenic mutation in MECP2 has been identified. This leaves a small fraction of classic cases with other gene...

    Authors: Mari Wold Henriksen, Kirstine Ravn, Benedicte Paus, Stephen von Tetzchner and Ola H Skjeldal
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:184
  31. Mucopolysaccharidosis-IVA (Morquio A disease) is a lysosomal disorder in which the abnormal accumulation of keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate is consequent to mutations in the galactosamine-6-sulfatase (G...

    Authors: Anna Caciotti, Rodolfo Tonin, Matthew Mort, David N. Cooper, Serena Gasperini, Miriam Rigoldi, Rossella Parini, Federica Deodato, Roberta Taurisano, Michelina Sibilio, Giancarlo Parenti, Renzo Guerrini and Amelia Morrone
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:183
  32. It has been reported that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2854744 at the − 202 locus of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) is associated with serum levels and a number of malignan...

    Authors: Ming Gao, Bin Zhu, Zhe Xu, Shujun Liu, Jiajia Liu, Guojun Zhang, Yang Gao, Yubo Fan and Xixiong Kang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:182
  33. Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is the leading identifiable cause of preterm birth, a complication that is more common in African Americans. Attempts to identify genetic loci associated with pre...

    Authors: Bhavi P. Modi, Hardik I. Parikh, Maria E. Teves, Rewa Kulkarni, Jiang Liyu, Roberto Romero, Timothy P. York and Jerome F. Strauss III
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:181
  34. In this comment, we highlight that the IDUA pathogenic variants 704ins5 and c.613_617dupTGCTC are the same, but have different names depending on the nomenclature guideline used. Therefore, the frequency of this ...

    Authors: Edina Poletto, Ursula Matte and Guilherme Baldo
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:180
  35. Distal arthrogryposis (DA) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders that involve multiple congenital limb contractures and comprise at least 10 clinical subtypes. Here, we describe our ...

    Authors: Shan Li, Yi You, Jinsong Gao, Bin Mao, Yixuan Cao, Xiuli Zhao and Xue Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:179
  36. Gaucher disease is a rare pan-ethnic disorder which occurs due to an increased accumulation of undegraded glycolipid glucocerebroside inside the cells’ lysosomes. A beta-Glucosidase (GBA) gene defect results in g...

    Authors: Jayesh Sheth, Dhairya Pancholi, Mehul Mistri, Payal Nath, Chitra Ankleshwaria, Riddhi Bhavsar, Ratna Puri, Shubha Phadke and Frenny Sheth
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:178
  37. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCLs) are lysosomal storage disorders characterized by seizures, motor impairment, and loss of vision. Ceroid lipofuscinosis (CLN) gene mutations are the cause, but NCL cases ar...

    Authors: Guilian Sun, Fang Yao, Zhuoling Tian, Tianjiao Ma and Zhiliang Yang
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:177
  38. Hereditary cancer screening (HCS) for germline variants in the 3′ exons of PMS2, a mismatch repair gene implicated in Lynch syndrome, is technically challenging due to homology with its pseudogene PMS2CL. Sequenc...

    Authors: Genevieve M Gould, Peter V Grauman, Mark R Theilmann, Lindsay Spurka, Irving E Wang, Laura M Melroy, Robert G Chin, Dustin H Hite, Clement S Chu, Jared R Maguire, Gregory J Hogan and Dale Muzzey
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:176
  39. We recently identified a role for the muscle-specific ubiquitin ligase MuRF1 in right-sided heart failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension induced by chronic hypoxia (CH). MuRF1−/− mice exposed to CH are re...

    Authors: Robert H. Oakley, Matthew J. Campen, Michael L. Paffett, Xin Chen, Zhongjing Wang, Traci L. Parry, Carolyn Hillhouse, John A. Cidlowski and Monte S. Willis
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:175
  40. The study investigated the associations of rs9340799:A > G (XbaI) and rs2234693:T > C (PvuII) polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) with femoral neck (BMD-FN) and lumbar spine bone mineral density ...

    Authors: Vladimira Mondockova, Maria Adamkovicova, Martina Lukacova, Birgit Grosskopf, Ramona Babosova, Drahomir Galbavy, Monika Martiniakova and Radoslav Omelka
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:174
  41. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by hamartomas in any organ systems. Mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 gene lead to the dysfunction of hamartin or tuberin proteins, whi...

    Authors: Ruixiao Zhang, Jianhong Wang, Qing Wang, Yue Han, Xuejun Liu, Irene Bottillo, Yanhua Lang and Leping Shao
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:173
  42. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotype and SNP-SNP interactions of CTLA-4 and CD40 genes, with susceptibility to Graves’ disease (GD), were explored in a Chinese Han population.

    Authors: Xiaoming Chen, Zhuoqing Hu, Meilian Liu, Huaqian Li, Chanbo Liang, Wei Li, Liwen Bao, Manyang Chen and Ge Wu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:171
  43. Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a rare multisystemic disorder characterized by vascular and skeletal abnormalities, with considerable intra- and interfamilial variability.

    Authors: Anwar Baban, Monia Magliozzi, Bart Loeys, Rachele Adorisio, Viola Alesi, Aurelio Secinaro, Bernadette Corica, Luca Vricella, Harry C. Dietz, Fabrizio Drago, Antonio Novelli and Antonio Amodeo
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:170
  44. Several studies have assessed the association between GDF5 rs143383 polymorphism and the susceptibility of musculoskeletal degenerative diseases, such as intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and osteoarthrit...

    Authors: Xin Huang, Weiyue Zhang and Zengwu Shao
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:169
  45. Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a polygenic disease involving both genetic and environmental factors, and is one of the most important occupational health hazards worldwide. To date, the influence of Notc...

    Authors: Enmin Ding, Jing Liu, Huanxi Shen, Wei Gong, Hengdong Zhang, Haiyan Song and Baoli Zhu
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:168
  46. L-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L-2-HGA) is a rare organic aciduria neurometabolic disease that is inherited as an autosomal recessive mode and have a variety of symptoms, such as psychomotor developmental retar...

    Authors: Wei Peng, Xiu-Wei Ma, Xiao Yang, Wan-Qiao Zhang, Lei Yan, Yong-Xia Wang, Xin Liu, Yan Wang and Zhi-Chun Feng
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:167
  47. Nectins are cell adhesion molecules that play a pivotal role in adherens junctions and tight junctions. Our previous study using whole-genome oligonucleotide microarrays revealed that nectin-4 was upregulated ...

    Authors: Mayuko Ito, Haruki Nishizawa, Makiko Tsutsumi, Asuka Kato, Yoshiko Sakabe, Yoshiteru Noda, Akiko Ohwaki, Jun Miyazaki, Takema Kato, Kazuya Shiogama, Takao Sekiya, Hiroki Kurahashi and Takuma Fujii
    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:166