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Clinical-Molecular Genetics and Cytogenetics

This section considers studies of the structure and function of genes and chromosomes, with relation to human health and disease and the role of genetic mutations and cytogenetic changes in human genetic disorders.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Orbital/periorbital plexiform neurofibroma (OPPN) can compromise physical appearance and visual function. However, the clinical characteristics and NF1 mutation landscape in patients with heritable OPPN have not ...

    Authors: Peiwei Chai, Yingxiu Luo, Chuandi Zhou, Yefei Wang, Xianqun Fan and Renbing Jia

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:158

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  2. Content type: Case report

    X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder caused by germline mutations in the Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene on X chromosome. These mutations disturb B-cell development, decrease...

    Authors: Mingming Li, Wei Chen, Xiaomeng Sun, Zhipeng Wang, Xun Zou, Hua Wei, Zhan Wang and Wansheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:157

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Pompe disease is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (EC. due to mutations in human GAA gene. The objective of the present study was to examine clinical and m...

    Authors: Lukana Ngiwsara, Duangrurdee Wattanasirichaigoon, Thipwimol Tim-Aroon, Kitiwan Rojnueangnit, Saisuda Noojaroen, Arthaporn Khongkraparn, Phannee Sawangareetrakul, James R. Ketudat-Cairns, Ratana Charoenwattanasatien, Voraratt Champattanachai, Chulaluck Kuptanon, Suthipong Pangkanon and Jisnuson Svasti

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:156

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Mutations in more than 52 genes have been identified in isolated congenital cataracts, the majority of which are located in crystalline and connexin (gap junction) genes. An in-frame one amino acid deletion in...

    Authors: Dan Li, Qinghe Jing and Yongxiang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:153

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Consanguine families display a high degree of homozygosity which increases the risk of family members suffering from autosomal recessive disorders. Thus, homozygous mutations in monogenic obesity genes may be ...

    Authors: Robina Khan Niazi, Anette Prior Gjesing, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Dmitrii Borisevich, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Asmat Ullah, Gulbin Shahid, Ifrah Shafqat, Asma Gul and Torben Hansen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:152

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Genetic testing is becoming an essential tool for breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and treatment pathway, and particularly important for early detection and cancer prevention. The purpose of this study was to expl...

    Authors: Hosneara Akter, Nasima Sultana, Nazrana Martuza, Aaysha Siddiqua, Nushrat Jahan Dity, Md. Atikur Rahaman, Bisan Samara, Ahmed Sayeed, Mohammed Basiruzzaman, Mohammad Mizanur Rahman, Md. Rashidul Hoq, Md. Robed Amin, Md. Abdul Baqui, Marc Woodbury-Smith, K. M. Furkan Uddin, Syed S. Islam…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:150

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  7. Content type: Case report

    The SLC29A3 gene, encoding a nucleoside transporter protein, is found in intracellular membranes. Based on the literatures, mutations in this gene cause a wide range of clinical manifestations including H syndrom...

    Authors: Sadaf Noavar, Samira Behroozi, Taraneh Tatarcheh, Farshid Parvini, Majid Foroutan and Hossein Fahimi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:147

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Although Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS) can be classified into three forms: myopathic, encephalomyopathic and hepatocerebral form, it is difficult to identify its form due to its clinical heterogen...

    Authors: Xianghong Li, Liangshan Li, Yaqi Sun, Fuyan Lv, Guoqing Zhang, Wenmiao Liu, Meiyan Zhang, Hong Jiang and Shiguo Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:146

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Inherited palmoplantar keratodermas (PPKs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous and phenotypically diverse group of genodermatoses characterized by hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles. More than 20 g...

    Authors: Abida Akbar, Claire Prince, Chloe Payne, James Fasham, Wasim Ahmad, Emma L. Baple, Andrew H. Crosby, Gaurav V. Harlalka and Asma Gul

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:145

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder causing infertility in reproductive-age women. The cause of PCOS is not fully understood but it is thought to be influenced by environmental and ...

    Authors: Asma A. Batarfi, Najlaa Filimban, Osama S. Bajouh, Ashraf Dallol, Adeel G. Chaudhary and Sherin Bakhashab

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:144

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Mutations of the autoimmune regulator gene (AIRE), located on chromosome 21q22.3, are recognized as the cause of a rare monogenic organ-specific autoimmune disorder called autoimmune polyglandular syndrome typ...

    Authors: Sayed Mahmoud Sajjadi-Jazi, Akbar Soltani, Samaneh Enayati, Armita Kakavand Hamidi and Mahsa M. Amoli

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:143

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Reference genes are often interchangeably called housekeeping genes due to 1) the essential cellular functions their proteins provide and 2) their constitutive expression across a range of normal and pathophys...

    Authors: Lai Xu, Helen Luo, Rong Wang, Wells W. Wu, Je-Nie Phue, Rong-Fong Shen, Hartmut Juhl, Leihong Wu, Wei-lun Alterovitz, Vahan Simonyan, Lorraine Pelosof and Amy S. Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:138

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Thalassemia is the most common inherited disease in the world, involving α- or β-globin in red blood cells. Thalassemia cases rank fifth in the list of national catastrophic diseases in Indonesia; however, nat...

    Authors: Ani Melani Maskoen, Lelani Reniarti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Joice Sisca and Sjarif Hidajat Effendi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:136

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene syndrome caused by partial 4p deletion highly variable in size in individual patients. The core WHS phenotype is defined by the association of growth delay, ...

    Authors: Yanrui Jiang, Huizhen Sun, Qingmin Lin, Zengge Wang, Guanghai Wang, Jian Wang, Fan Jiang and Ruen Yao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:134

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Proximal symphalangism (SYM1; OMIM 185800), also called Cushing’s symphalangism, is an infrequent autosomal dominant disease. An SYM1 patient typically features variable fusion of proximal interphalangeal join...

    Authors: Yanwei Sha, Ding Ma, Ning Zhang, Xiaoli Wei, Wensheng Liu and Xiong Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:133

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  16. Content type: Case report

    FOXL2 gene mutations cause blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) and may be associated with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). Two types of BPES were described in the literature. BPES ty...

    Authors: Barbara Grzechocińska, Damian Warzecha, Maria Wypchło, Rafal Ploski and Mirosław Wielgoś

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:132

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  17. Content type: Case report

    CHEK2 is involved in the DNA damage repair response Fanconi anemia (FA)-BRCA pathway. An increased risk for breast and other cancers has been documented in individuals who carry a single pathogenic CHEK2 variant....

    Authors: Konstantinos Agiannitopoulos, Eirini Papadopoulou, Georgios N. Tsaousis, Georgia Pepe, Stavroula Kampouri, Mehmet Ali Kocdor and George Nasioulas

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:131

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a group of rare genetically heterogeneous disorders. The present study aimed to identify the genetic cause of a Chinese Han family with non-syndromic oculocutaneous albinism (O...

    Authors: Hairong Wang, Yang Wan, Yun Yang, Hao Li, Liangwei Mao, Shuyang Gao, Jingjing Xu and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:130

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  19. Content type: Case report

    CHARGE syndrome (MIM# 214800)—which is characterised by a number of congenital anomalies including coloboma, ear anomalies, deafness, facial anomalies, heart defects, atresia choanae, genital hypoplasia, growt...

    Authors: Evelina Siavrienė, Gunda Petraitytė, Violeta Mikštienė, Tautvydas Rančelis, Živilė Maldžienė, Aušra Morkūnienė, Jekaterina Byčkova, Algirdas Utkus, Vaidutis Kučinskas and Eglė Preikšaitienė

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:127

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Osteodysplasia of the oral and maxillofacial bone is generally accompanied by systemic bone abnormalities (such as short stature, joint contracture) or other systemic abnormalities (such as renal, dermatologic...

    Authors: Ken-ichi Aoyama, Minoru Kimura, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Masahiro Uchibori, Rena Kojima, Yuko Osawa, Kazuyoshi Hosomichi, Yoshihide Ota, Masayuki Tanaka, Shiro Yamada and Gen Nishimura

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:126

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Alpha 1 Antitrypsin (AAT) is a key serum proteinase inhibitor encoded by SERPINA1. Sequence variants of the gene can cause Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), a condition associated with lung and liver disease...

    Authors: Friedrich Kueppers, Mark D. Andrake, Qifang Xu, Roland L. Dunbrack Jr, Joannah Kim and Christopher L. Sanders

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:125

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  22. Content type: Case report

    The association between mutations in the TNFAIP3 gene and a new autoinflammatory disease (called A20 haploinsufficiency, HA20) has recently been recognized. Here, we describe four patients with HA20 from two u...

    Authors: Guo-min Li, Hai-mei Liu, Wan-zhen Guan, Hong Xu, Bing-bing Wu and Li Sun

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:124

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease (1 per 100 000 newborns) caused by NPC proteins impairment that leads to unesterified cholesterol accumulation in late endosomal/lys...

    Authors: Anna V. Degtyareva, Tatiana Y. Proshlyakova, Marina S. Gautier, Dmitry N. Degtyarev, Elena A. Kamenets, Galina V. Baydakova, Denis V. Rebrikov and Ekaterina Y. Zakharova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:123

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Fanconi anemia (FA) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder characterized by congenital anomalies, early-onset bone marrow failure, and a high predisposition to cancers. Up to know, different genes involved in the...

    Authors: Soheila Zareifar, Hassan Dastsooz, Mahdi Shahriari, Mohammad Ali Faghihi, Golsa Shekarkhar, Mohammadreza Bordbar, Omid Reza Zekavat and Nader Shakibazad

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:122

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Mutations in ARL6IP1, which encodes a tetraspan membrane protein localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), have been recently described in a large family with a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegi...

    Authors: Salma M. Wakil, Safa Alhissi, Haya Al Dossari, Ayesha Alqahtani, Sherin Shibin, Brahim T. Melaiki, Josef Finsterer, Amal Al-Hashem, Saeed Bohlega and Anas M. Alazami

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:119

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Recessive mutations of coding regions and splice sites of the SLC26A4 gene cause hearing loss with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct (EVA). Some patients also have a thyroid iodination defect that can lead t...

    Authors: Janet R. Chao, Parna Chattaraj, Tina Munjal, Keiji Honda, Kelly A. King, Christopher K. Zalewski, Wade W. Chien, Carmen C. Brewer and Andrew J. Griffith

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:118

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive choices in regenerative medicine and can be genetically modified to obtain better results in therapeutics. Bone development and metabolism are controlled by various...

    Authors: Samaneh Mollazadeh, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz, Vajiheh Neshati, Antoine A. F. de Vries, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin, Majid Mojarad, Mahdi Mirahmadi, Zeinab Neshati and Mohammad Amin Kerachian

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:117

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Calreticulin (CALR) gene mutations are currently recommended as biomarkers in diagnosis of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) with Jak2 V617F negative phenotype. Our aim was to establish a rapid, lo...

    Authors: Ngo Tat Trung, Dao Thanh Quyen, Nghiem Xuan Hoan, Dao Phuong Giang, Tran Thi Huyen Trang, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Mai Hong Bang and Le Huu Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:115

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency (MIM #243700) is a rare disease, leads to a combined primary immunodeficiency (PID), and accounts for the autosomal recessive-hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AR-H...

    Authors: Lika’a Fasih Y. Al-Kzayer, Hanadi Munaf H. Al-Aradi, Tomonari Shigemura, Kenji Sano, Miyuki Tanaka, Motoharu Hamada, Kenan Hussien Ali, Osamah Mohammed Aldaghir, Yozo Nakazawa and Yusuke Okuno

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:114

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), also known as de-Morsier syndrome, is a rare disorder characterized by any combination of optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary gland hypoplasia, and midline abnormalities of the brain...

    Authors: A. Fernández-Marmiesse, M. S. Pérez-Poyato, A. Fontalba, E. Marco de Lucas, M. T. Martínez, M. J. Cabero Pérez and M. L. Couce

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:112

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Citrullinemia type I (CTLN1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle caused by a deficiency in the argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) enzyme due to mutations in the ASS1 gene. Only a few Chinese...

    Authors: Yiming Lin, Hongzhi Gao, Bin Lu, Shuang Zhou, Tianwen Zheng, Weihua Lin, Lin Zhu, Mengyi Jiang and Qingliu Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:110

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Split hand/foot malformation (SHFM) is a group of congenital skeletal disorders which may occur either as an isolated abnormality or in syndromic forms with extra-limb manifestations. Chromosomal micro-duplica...

    Authors: Chamara Sampath Paththinige, Nirmala Dushyanthi Sirisena, Fabienne Escande, Sylvie Manouvrier, Florence Petit and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:108

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a human autosomal-recessive hypopigmentation disorder with hypopigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. OCA1 and OCA2 are caused by mutations of the TYR and OCA2 genes, respectiv...

    Authors: Qi Yang, Sheng Yi, Mengting Li, Bobo Xie, Jinsi Luo, Jin Wang, Xiuliang Rong, Qinle Zhang, Zailong Qin, Limei Hang, Shihan Feng and Xin Fan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:106

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is characterized by specific abnormalities of the anterior segment of the eye. Heterozygous mutations in two developmental transcri...

    Authors: Lusi Zhang, Yingqian Peng, Pingbo Ouyang, Youling Liang, Huilan Zeng, Nuo Wang, Xuanchu Duan and Jingming Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:105

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  35. Content type: Research article

    N-terminal acetylation is a common protein modification in human cells and is catalysed by N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs), mostly cotranslationally. The NAA10-NAA15 (NatA) protein complex is the major NA...

    Authors: Rasmus Ree, Anni Sofie Geithus, Pernille Mathiesen Tørring, Kristina Pilekær Sørensen, Mads Damkjær, Sally Ann Lynch and Thomas Arnesen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:101

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  36. Content type: Case report

    X-linked Adrenal Hypoplasia Congenita (AHC) is a rare cause of primary adrenal insufficiency due to mutations in the NR0B1 gene, causing a loss of function of the nuclear receptor protein DAX-1. Adrenal insuffici...

    Authors: Lorenzo Iughetti, Laura Lucaccioni, Patrizia Bruzzi, Silvia Ciancia, Elena Bigi, Simona Filomena Madeo, Barbara Predieri and Florence Roucher-Boulez

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:98

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors that include: abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and glucose intolerance. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPT...

    Authors: Sara Kharazmi-Khorassani, Jasmin Kharazmi-Khorassani, Azam Rastegar-Moghadam, Sara Samadi, Hamideh Ghazizadeh, Maryam Tayefi, Gordon A. Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan and Habibollah Esmaily

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:97

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The highly conservative miR-15/107 family (also named as miR-15/107 gene group) including ten miRNA members is currently recognized strongly implicated in multiple human disorders. Some studies focus on the en...

    Authors: Si Wang, Wenhua Zhu, Jing Xu, Yuanxu Guo, Jidong Yan, Liesu Meng, Congshan Jiang and Shemin Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:96

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Tubulinopathies result from mutations in tubulin genes, including TUBG1, responsible for cell microtubules, are characterized by brain development abnormalities, microcephaly, early-onset epilepsy, and motor impa...

    Authors: Yue T. K. Yuen, Ilaria Guella, Elke Roland, Michael Sargent and Cyrus Boelman

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:95

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  40. Content type: Research article

    CHARGE syndrome is characterized by coloboma, heart defects, choanal atresia, growth retardation, genitourinary malformation and ear abnormalities. The chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene is t...

    Authors: Xiang Chen, Kai Yan, Yanyan Gao, Huijun Wang, Guoqiang Chen, Bingbing Wu, Qian Qin, Lin Yang and Wenhao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:93

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a common type of hereditary hemolytic anemia. According to the current diagnostic criteria of HS, patients with a family history of HS, typical clinical features and laboratory...

    Authors: Hongwei Shen, Hui Huang, Kaizhong Luo, Yan Yi and Xiaoliu Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:90

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessively-inherited defect of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism. The absence of SSADH, which is encoded by aldehyde dehydrogenas...

    Authors: Ping Wang, Fengying Cai, Lirong Cao, Yizheng Wang, Qianqian Zou, Peng Zhao, Chao Wang, Yuqin Zhang, Chunquan Cai and Jianbo Shu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:88

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP) have been showed to be associated with natural history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, it is ...

    Authors: Natthaya Chuaypen, Nongnaput Tuyapala, Nutcha Pinjaroen, Sunchai Payungporn and Pisit Tangkijvanich

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:87

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I), also known as von Gierk disease, is a metabolic disorder leading to the excessive accumulation of glycogen and fat in organs, characterized by hepatomegaly, hypoglycemi...

    Authors: Wenying Wang, Rentao Yu, Wenting Tan, Yunjie Dan, Guohong Deng and Jie Xia

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:85

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Progressive bilateral sensorineural deafness in postlingual period may be linked to many different etiologies including genetic factors. Identification of the exact deafness cause may, therefore, be quite chal...

    Authors: Lukas Varga, Daniel Danis, Martina Skopkova, Ivica Masindova, Zuzana Slobodova, Lucia Demesova, Milan Profant and Daniela Gasperikova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:84

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Intellectual disability/developmental delay is a complex condition with extraordinary heterogeneity. A large proportion of patients lacks a specific diagnosis. Next generation sequencing, enabling identificati...

    Authors: Huifang Yan, Zhen Shi, Ye Wu, Jiangxi Xiao, Qiang Gu, Yanling Yang, Ming Li, Kai Gao, Yinyin Chen, Xiaoping Yang, Haoran Ji, Binbin Cao, Ruoyu Duan, Yuwu Jiang and Jingmin Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:80

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) is an efficient component of homologous recombination and is required for the preservation of chromosomal integrity in mammalian cells. The association between...

    Authors: Sepideh Dashti, Zahra Taherian-Esfahani, Abbasali Keshtkar and Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:79

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