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Clinical-Molecular Genetics and Cytogenetics

This section considers studies of the structure and function of genes and chromosomes, with relation to human health and disease and the role of genetic mutations and cytogenetic changes in human genetic disorders.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Alpha 1 Antitrypsin (AAT) is a key serum proteinase inhibitor encoded by SERPINA1. Sequence variants of the gene can cause Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), a condition associated with lung and liver disease...

    Authors: Friedrich Kueppers, Mark D. Andrake, Qifang Xu, Roland L. Dunbrack Jr, Joannah Kim and Christopher L. Sanders

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:125

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  2. Content type: Case report

    The association between mutations in the TNFAIP3 gene and a new autoinflammatory disease (called A20 haploinsufficiency, HA20) has recently been recognized. Here, we describe four patients with HA20 from two u...

    Authors: Guo-min Li, Hai-mei Liu, Wan-zhen Guan, Hong Xu, Bing-bing Wu and Li Sun

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:124

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease (1 per 100 000 newborns) caused by NPC proteins impairment that leads to unesterified cholesterol accumulation in late endosomal/lys...

    Authors: Anna V. Degtyareva, Tatiana Y. Proshlyakova, Marina S. Gautier, Dmitry N. Degtyarev, Elena A. Kamenets, Galina V. Baydakova, Denis V. Rebrikov and Ekaterina Y. Zakharova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:123

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Fanconi anemia (FA) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder characterized by congenital anomalies, early-onset bone marrow failure, and a high predisposition to cancers. Up to know, different genes involved in the...

    Authors: Soheila Zareifar, Hassan Dastsooz, Mahdi Shahriari, Mohammad Ali Faghihi, Golsa Shekarkhar, Mohammadreza Bordbar, Omid Reza Zekavat and Nader Shakibazad

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:122

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Mutations in ARL6IP1, which encodes a tetraspan membrane protein localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), have been recently described in a large family with a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegi...

    Authors: Salma M. Wakil, Safa Alhissi, Haya Al Dossari, Ayesha Alqahtani, Sherin Shibin, Brahim T. Melaiki, Josef Finsterer, Amal Al-Hashem, Saeed Bohlega and Anas M. Alazami

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:119

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Recessive mutations of coding regions and splice sites of the SLC26A4 gene cause hearing loss with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct (EVA). Some patients also have a thyroid iodination defect that can lead t...

    Authors: Janet R. Chao, Parna Chattaraj, Tina Munjal, Keiji Honda, Kelly A. King, Christopher K. Zalewski, Wade W. Chien, Carmen C. Brewer and Andrew J. Griffith

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:118

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive choices in regenerative medicine and can be genetically modified to obtain better results in therapeutics. Bone development and metabolism are controlled by various...

    Authors: Samaneh Mollazadeh, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz, Vajiheh Neshati, Antoine A. F. de Vries, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin, Majid Mojarad, Mahdi Mirahmadi, Zeinab Neshati and Mohammad Amin Kerachian

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:117

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Calreticulin (CALR) gene mutations are currently recommended as biomarkers in diagnosis of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) with Jak2 V617F negative phenotype. Our aim was to establish a rapid, lo...

    Authors: Ngo Tat Trung, Dao Thanh Quyen, Nghiem Xuan Hoan, Dao Phuong Giang, Tran Thi Huyen Trang, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Mai Hong Bang and Le Huu Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:115

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency (MIM #243700) is a rare disease, leads to a combined primary immunodeficiency (PID), and accounts for the autosomal recessive-hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AR-H...

    Authors: Lika’a Fasih Y. Al-Kzayer, Hanadi Munaf H. Al-Aradi, Tomonari Shigemura, Kenji Sano, Miyuki Tanaka, Motoharu Hamada, Kenan Hussien Ali, Osamah Mohammed Aldaghir, Yozo Nakazawa and Yusuke Okuno

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:114

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), also known as de-Morsier syndrome, is a rare disorder characterized by any combination of optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary gland hypoplasia, and midline abnormalities of the brain...

    Authors: A. Fernández-Marmiesse, M. S. Pérez-Poyato, A. Fontalba, E. Marco de Lucas, M. T. Martínez, M. J. Cabero Pérez and M. L. Couce

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:112

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Citrullinemia type I (CTLN1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle caused by a deficiency in the argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) enzyme due to mutations in the ASS1 gene. Only a few Chinese...

    Authors: Yiming Lin, Hongzhi Gao, Bin Lu, Shuang Zhou, Tianwen Zheng, Weihua Lin, Lin Zhu, Mengyi Jiang and Qingliu Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:110

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Split hand/foot malformation (SHFM) is a group of congenital skeletal disorders which may occur either as an isolated abnormality or in syndromic forms with extra-limb manifestations. Chromosomal micro-duplica...

    Authors: Chamara Sampath Paththinige, Nirmala Dushyanthi Sirisena, Fabienne Escande, Sylvie Manouvrier, Florence Petit and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:108

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a human autosomal-recessive hypopigmentation disorder with hypopigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. OCA1 and OCA2 are caused by mutations of the TYR and OCA2 genes, respectiv...

    Authors: Qi Yang, Sheng Yi, Mengting Li, Bobo Xie, Jinsi Luo, Jin Wang, Xiuliang Rong, Qinle Zhang, Zailong Qin, Limei Hang, Shihan Feng and Xin Fan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:106

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is characterized by specific abnormalities of the anterior segment of the eye. Heterozygous mutations in two developmental transcri...

    Authors: Lusi Zhang, Yingqian Peng, Pingbo Ouyang, Youling Liang, Huilan Zeng, Nuo Wang, Xuanchu Duan and Jingming Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:105

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  15. Content type: Research article

    N-terminal acetylation is a common protein modification in human cells and is catalysed by N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs), mostly cotranslationally. The NAA10-NAA15 (NatA) protein complex is the major NA...

    Authors: Rasmus Ree, Anni Sofie Geithus, Pernille Mathiesen Tørring, Kristina Pilekær Sørensen, Mads Damkjær, Sally Ann Lynch and Thomas Arnesen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:101

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  16. Content type: Case report

    X-linked Adrenal Hypoplasia Congenita (AHC) is a rare cause of primary adrenal insufficiency due to mutations in the NR0B1 gene, causing a loss of function of the nuclear receptor protein DAX-1. Adrenal insuffici...

    Authors: Lorenzo Iughetti, Laura Lucaccioni, Patrizia Bruzzi, Silvia Ciancia, Elena Bigi, Simona Filomena Madeo, Barbara Predieri and Florence Roucher-Boulez

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:98

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors that include: abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and glucose intolerance. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPT...

    Authors: Sara Kharazmi-Khorassani, Jasmin Kharazmi-Khorassani, Azam Rastegar-Moghadam, Sara Samadi, Hamideh Ghazizadeh, Maryam Tayefi, Gordon A. Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan and Habibollah Esmaily

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The highly conservative miR-15/107 family (also named as miR-15/107 gene group) including ten miRNA members is currently recognized strongly implicated in multiple human disorders. Some studies focus on the en...

    Authors: Si Wang, Wenhua Zhu, Jing Xu, Yuanxu Guo, Jidong Yan, Liesu Meng, Congshan Jiang and Shemin Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:96

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Tubulinopathies result from mutations in tubulin genes, including TUBG1, responsible for cell microtubules, are characterized by brain development abnormalities, microcephaly, early-onset epilepsy, and motor impa...

    Authors: Yue T. K. Yuen, Ilaria Guella, Elke Roland, Michael Sargent and Cyrus Boelman

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:95

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  20. Content type: Research article

    CHARGE syndrome is characterized by coloboma, heart defects, choanal atresia, growth retardation, genitourinary malformation and ear abnormalities. The chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene is t...

    Authors: Xiang Chen, Kai Yan, Yanyan Gao, Huijun Wang, Guoqiang Chen, Bingbing Wu, Qian Qin, Lin Yang and Wenhao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:93

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a common type of hereditary hemolytic anemia. According to the current diagnostic criteria of HS, patients with a family history of HS, typical clinical features and laboratory...

    Authors: Hongwei Shen, Hui Huang, Kaizhong Luo, Yan Yi and Xiaoliu Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:90

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessively-inherited defect of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism. The absence of SSADH, which is encoded by aldehyde dehydrogenas...

    Authors: Ping Wang, Fengying Cai, Lirong Cao, Yizheng Wang, Qianqian Zou, Peng Zhao, Chao Wang, Yuqin Zhang, Chunquan Cai and Jianbo Shu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:88

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP) have been showed to be associated with natural history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, it is ...

    Authors: Natthaya Chuaypen, Nongnaput Tuyapala, Nutcha Pinjaroen, Sunchai Payungporn and Pisit Tangkijvanich

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:87

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I), also known as von Gierk disease, is a metabolic disorder leading to the excessive accumulation of glycogen and fat in organs, characterized by hepatomegaly, hypoglycemi...

    Authors: Wenying Wang, Rentao Yu, Wenting Tan, Yunjie Dan, Guohong Deng and Jie Xia

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:85

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Progressive bilateral sensorineural deafness in postlingual period may be linked to many different etiologies including genetic factors. Identification of the exact deafness cause may, therefore, be quite chal...

    Authors: Lukas Varga, Daniel Danis, Martina Skopkova, Ivica Masindova, Zuzana Slobodova, Lucia Demesova, Milan Profant and Daniela Gasperikova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:84

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Intellectual disability/developmental delay is a complex condition with extraordinary heterogeneity. A large proportion of patients lacks a specific diagnosis. Next generation sequencing, enabling identificati...

    Authors: Huifang Yan, Zhen Shi, Ye Wu, Jiangxi Xiao, Qiang Gu, Yanling Yang, Ming Li, Kai Gao, Yinyin Chen, Xiaoping Yang, Haoran Ji, Binbin Cao, Ruoyu Duan, Yuwu Jiang and Jingmin Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:80

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) is an efficient component of homologous recombination and is required for the preservation of chromosomal integrity in mammalian cells. The association between...

    Authors: Sepideh Dashti, Zahra Taherian-Esfahani, Abbasali Keshtkar and Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:79

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Few manuscripts have reported phenotypes of skeletal muscle myopathies caused by mutations in the head region of slow/cardiac beta-myosin heavy chain (MyHCI). Among the patients, some of them showed the phenot...

    Authors: Jean Mamelona, Louisa Filice, Youcef Oussedik, Nicolas Crapoulet, Rodney J. Ouellette and Alier Marrero

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:78

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Mitochondrial respiratory chain consists of five complexes encoded by nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. Mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are key enzymes in the synthesis of such complexes. Bi-allelic ...

    Authors: Chiara Begliuomini, Giorgio Magli, Maja Di Rocco, Filippo M. Santorelli, Denise Cassandrini, Claudia Nesti, Federica Deodato, Daria Diodato, Susanna Casellato, Delia M. Simula, Veronica Dessì, Anna Eusebi, Alessandra Carta and Stefano Sotgiu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:77

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere Syndrome (BVVLS), a rare neurological disorder characterized by motor, sensory, and cranial neuronopathies, is mainly associated with defective riboflavin transporters encoded by SLC52...

    Authors: Kaili Shi, Zhen Shi, Huifang Yan, Xiaodong Wang, Yanling Yang, Hui Xiong, Qiang Gu, Ye Wu, Yuwu Jiang and Jingmin Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:76

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  31. Content type: Research article

    α-thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder caused by mutations in the α-globin gene cluster. Recognizing the pathogenic α-globin gene mutations associated with α-Thalassemia is of significant importance to ...

    Authors: Jianlong Zhuang, Jie Tian, Jitao Wei, Yu Zheng, Qianmei Zhuang, Yuanbai Wang, Qingyue Xie, Shuhong Zeng, Geng Wang, Yanchao Pan and Yuying Jiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:74

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Pathogenic variants associated with hereditary breast cancer have been reported for BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) genes in patients from multiple ethnicities, but limited information is available from sub-Saharan Afr...

    Authors: Jean Pascal Demba Diop, Rokhaya Ndiaye Diallo, Violaine Bourdon-Huguenin, Ahmadou Dem, Doudou Diouf, Mamadou Moustapha Dieng, Seydi Abdoul Ba, Yacouba Dia, Sidy Ka, Babacar Mbengue, Alassane Thiam, Oumar Faye, Papa Amadou Diop, Hagay Sobol and Alioune Dieye

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:73

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder most commonly characterized by dyplasia of nail or patella, the radial head or the humeral head hypoplasia, and, frequently ocular ab...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Yan, Jie Lin, Yifan Wang, Junli Xuan, Ping Yu, Tingwei Guo and Fan Jin

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:71

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  34. Content type: Case report

    X-linked spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT-XL) is a skeletal disorder characterized by defective structures of vertebral bodies and/or of epiphyses of the long bones, resulting in moderately short statu...

    Authors: Joon Yeon Won, Dayeon Kim, Seon Young Park, Hye Ran Lee, Jong-Seok Lim, Jong Hoon Park, Mi Hyun Song, Hae Ryong Song, Ok-Hwa Kim, Yonghwan Kim and Tae-Joon Cho

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:70

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Usher syndrome, the most common form of inherited deaf-blindness, is unlike many other forms of syndromic hereditary hearing loss in that the extra aural clinical manifestations are also detrimental to communi...

    Authors: Justin A. Pater, Jane Green, Darren D. O’Rielly, Anne Griffin, Jessica Squires, Taylor Burt, Sara Fernandez, Bridget Fernandez, Jim Houston, Jiayi Zhou, Nicole M. Roslin and Terry-Lynn Young

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:68

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Lynch syndrome, is an autosomal dominantly inherited disease that predisposes individuals to a high risk of colorectal cancers, and some mismatch-repair genes have been identified as causative genes. The purpo...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Momma, Kenji Gonda, Yoshinori Akama, Eisei Endo, Daisuke Ujiie, Shotaro Fujita, Yuko Maejima, Shoichiro Horita, Kenju Shimomura, Shigehira Saji, Koji Kono, Rei Yashima, Fumiaki Watanabe, Kokichi Sugano and Tadashi Nomizu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:67

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) is a recessive X-linked disorder due to mutations in the iduronate 2-sulfatase (IDS) gene. The IDS gene encodes a lysosomal enzyme, iduronate 2-sulfatase. The disea...

    Authors: A. N. Semyachkina, E. Y. Voskoboeva, E. Y. Zakharova, E. A. Nikolaeva, I. V. Kanivets, A. D. Kolotii, G. V. Baydakova, M. N. Kharabadze, R. G. Kuramagomedova and N. V. Melnikova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:66

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Mutations in the coding region of FOXP2 are known to cause speech and language impairment. However, it is not clear how dysregulation of the gene contributes to language deficit. Interestingly, microdeletions of ...

    Authors: Raúl Torres-Ruiz, Antonio Benítez-Burraco, Marta Martínez-Lage, Sandra Rodríguez-Perales and Paloma García-Bellido

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:65

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  39. Content type: Case report

    GATA2 is a transcription factor that is a critical regulator of gene expression in hematopoietic cells. GATA2 deficiency presents with multi-lineage cytopenia, mycobacterial, fungal and viral infections. Patie...

    Authors: Daniela Palheiro Mendes-de-Almeida, Francianne Gomes Andrade, Gustavo Borges, Filipe V. dos Santos-Bueno, Iracema F. Vieira, Luana Kelly M. da S. da Rocha, Daniella A. Mendes-da-Cruz, Rosely M. Zancopé-Oliveira, Rodrigo T. Calado and Maria S. Pombo-de-Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:64

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  40. Content type: Research article

    We performed clinical and genetic characterization of a family with cavitary optic disc anomaly (CODA), an autosomal dominant condition that causes vision loss due to adult-onset maculopathy in the majority of...

    Authors: Eileen S. Hwang, Denise J. Morgan, Katie L. Pennington, Leah A. Owen, John H. Fingert, Paul S. Bernstein and Margaret M. DeAngelis

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:63

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Reports on autosomal recessive optic atrophy (arOA) are sparse and so far, only one gene has been specifically associated with non-syndromic arOA, namely TMEM126A. To date, all reports of pathogenic TMEM126A vari...

    Authors: Katja Kloth, Matthis Synofzik, Christoph Kernstock, Simone Schimpf-Linzenbold, Frank Schuettauf, Axel Neu, Bernd Wissinger and Nicole Weisschuh

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:62

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a rare cardiac disease, for which several genes including TNNT2, MYPN, FLNC and TNNI3 have been associated with its familial form.

    Authors: Malena P. Pantou, Polyxeni Gourzi, Aggeliki Gkouziouta, Iakovos Armenis, Loukas Kaklamanis, Christianna Zygouri, Pantelis Constantoulakis, Stamatis Adamopoulos and Dimitrios Degiannis

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:61

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  43. Content type: Research article

    MYO15A variants are responsible for human non-syndromic autosomal recessive deafness (DFNB3). The majority of MYO15A variants are associated with a congenital severe-to-profound hearing loss phenotype, except for...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Jing Guan, Hongyang Wang, Linwei Yin, Dayong Wang, Lidong Zhao, Huifang Zhou and Qiuju Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:60

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Many mutations in the α-tectorin gene (TECTA) have been reported to cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in either a dominant or recessive inheritance pattern. Among the identified TECTA mutations, H1400Y has ...

    Authors: Gi-Sung Nam, John Hoon Rim, Jae Young Choi, Heon Yung Gee, Jong Rak Choi, Seung-Tae Lee and Jinsei Jung

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:57

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  45. Content type: Case report

    PHKA2 gene mutations can cause liver phosphorylase kinase (PhK) deficiency, resulting in glycogen storage disease type IXa (GSD IXa). Elevated liver transaminase levels and liver enlargement are the most frequent...

    Authors: Junling Fu, Tong Wang and Xinhua Xiao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:56

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPRD) is a rare autosomal-recessive, non-inflammatory arthropathy, shown to be caused by mutations in the WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 3 (WISP3) gene. Although ...

    Authors: Ben Pode-Shakked, Asaf Vivante, Ortal Barel, Shai Padeh, Dina Marek-Yagel, Alvit Veber, Shachar Abudi, Aviva Eliyahu, Irit Tirosh, Shiri Shpilman, Shirlee Shril, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Mordechai Shohat and Yair Anikster

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:53

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  47. Content type: Case report

    DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are among the most deleterious types of DNA damage. DSBs are repaired by homologous recombination or non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). NHEJ, which is central to the process of ...

    Authors: Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Mohammad Reza Bordbar, Zahra Hojaji, Parham Habibzadeh, Dorna Afshinfar, Mohammad Miryounesi, Majid Fardaei and Mohammad Ali Faghihi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:45

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  48. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the clinical features and the underlying causal gene of a family with hereditary late-onset deafness in Inner Mongolia of China, and to provide evidence for the early genetic screening and diagn...

    Authors: Ningjin Wu, Husile Husile, Liqing Yang, Yaning Cao, Xing Li, Wenyan Huo, Haihua Bai, Yangjian Liu and Qizhu Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:43

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