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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the participants.

From: Implication of genetic variants near SLC30A8, HHEX, CDKAL1, CDKN2A/B, IGF2BP2, FTO, TCF2, KCNQ1, and WFS1 in Type 2 Diabetes in a Chinese population

Characteristics Controls Patients P
Male/Female 343/662 540/484 <0.00001
Age at examination(years) 58 ± 9 56 ± 12 <0.00001
BMI(kg/m2) 25.0 ± 3.3 25.0 ± 3.1 0.87
Age of diagnosis(years) -- 49 ± 11 --
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.4 7.8 ± 2.8 <0.00001
Glucose at 2 h (mmol/l) 5.7 ± 1.2 -- --
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 53.1(38.0-77.5) -- --
HOMA-IR 1.60(1.13-2.36) -- --
HOMA-ß 80.51(57.63-111.72) -- --
  1. Data are the mean ± SD or median(interquartile range). p represents the significance of the differences between the patients and controls.
  2. The gender distribution between the patients and controls was analyzed using Pearson's χ2 test.
  3. Comparison of the quantitative variables between patients and controls was performed using Student's t-test.