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Table 3 Race-specific clinical and demographic characteristics. ARIC participants free of CVD (1987 – 1989)

From: Sequence variation in telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) as a determinant of risk of cardiovascular disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study

  N AA N White p
   (N = 3,022)   (N = 8,987)  
   N (%)   N (%)  
Male 3,022 1,081 (35.8) 8,987 4,030 (44.8) <0.001
Current smokers 3,020 857 (28.4) 8,984 2,145 (23.9) <0.001
Current alcohol 2,994 951 (31.8) 8,975 5,909 (65.8) <0.001
Hypertension 3,009 1,613 (53.6) 8,953 2,250 (25.1) <0.001
Diabetes 2,953 532 (18.0) 8,972 715 (8.0) <0.001
Incident MI/Fatal CHD 3,022 403 (13.3) 8,987 933 (10.4) <0.001
Incident ischemic stroke 3,022 287 (9.5) 8,987 452 (5.0) <0.001
   Mean (SD)   Mean (SD)  
Age (years) 3,022 53.1 (5.7) 8,987 54.1 (5.7) <0.001
DBP, mm Hg 3,022 79.6 (11.8) 8,983 71.6 (10.0) <0.001
SBP, mm Hg 3,022 127.8 (20.3) 8,984 118.2 (16.9) <0.001
Glucose (mmol/L) 2,941 6.4 (3.0) 8,980 5.8 (1.6) <0.001
Insulin (pmol/L) 2,941 138.0 (291.4) 8,979 81.4 (94.9) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 3,019 29.7 (6.1) 8,980 26.9 (4.8) <0.001
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 2,895 5.6 (1.2) 8,971 5.5 (1.0) 0.503
LDL cholesterol, mmol/L 2,870 3.6 (1.1) 8,832 3.5 (1.0) 0.281
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 2,895 1.4 (0.4) 8,973 1.3 (0.4) <0.001
Triglycerides, mmol/L 2,896 1.3 (0.9) 8,973 1.5 (1.0) <0.001
  1. CVD, cardiovascular disease; N, number; AA, African-American; p, p-value for tests of differences of group means determined by t-tests or of categorical values evaluated by Pearson’s chi-squared test between racial groups; MI, myocardial infarction; CHD, coronary heart disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure; BMI, body mass index; LDL, low density lipoprotein; HDL, high density lipoprotein