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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants.

From: PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism and risk of acute coronary syndrome in a prospective study of Danes

  Women Men
Variablea Cases (n = 245) Cohort sample (n = 797) Cases (n = 786) Cohort sample (n = 906)
Age at entry (yrs) 60 (52–65) 56 (51–64) 58 (51–65) 56 (51–64)
BMI (kg/m2) 26.4 (20.1–35.2) 24.6 (19.7–33.7) 26.9 (22.4–34.1) 26.3 (21.6–32.4)
Waist (cm) 86 (69–107) 80 (67–105) 97 (83–117) 95 (82–113)
Diabetesb     
   Yes 5.3% 1.0% 5.4% 2.3%
   No 90.2% 94.3% 88.5% 91.7%
   Unknown 4.5% 4.7% 6.1% 6.0%
Hypercholesterolemiab     
   Yes 16.9% 6.1% 12.1% 9.7%
   No 44.0% 48.4% 45.4% 52.0%
   Unknown 39.1% 45.5% 42.5% 38.3%
Hypertension     
   Yes 40.0% 15.5% 22.2% 13.1%
   No 51.8% 74.9% 61.0% 72.4%
   Unknown 8.2% 9.6% 16.8% 14.5%
Postmenopausal     
   Yes 70.2% 57.8% N/A N/A
   No 5.3% 17.5%   
   Unknown 24.5% 24.7%   
HRT use     
   Current 26.5% 31.7% N/A N/A
   Former 22.5% 15.7%   
   Never 51.0% 52.6%   
Smoking     
   Current 59.2% 36.8% 59.3% 37.3%
   Former 16.3% 21.4% 26.5% 35.4%
   Never 24.5% 41.8% 14.2% 27.3%
Alcohol (g/d) 6 (0–38) 9 (0–40) 17 (1–72) 20 (1–83)
Plasma lipids (mmol/L)     
Triglycerides 1.8 (0.9–4.7) 1.3 (0.7–3.2) 2.1 (0.9–5.3) 1.7 (0.8–4.4)
Cholesterol 6.5 (4.8–8.6) 6.0 (4.5–7.9) 6.3 (4.6–8.1) 5.9 (4.6–7.7)
HDL-C 1.6 (1.1–2.2) 1.8 (1.2–2.6) 1.3 (1.0–1.9) 1.4 (1.0–2.1)
  1. a) Medians (5th and 95th percentiles) of continuous covariates. All lipids were obtained from non-fasting participants (n = 2610) b) Diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia.