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  1. Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene syndrome caused by partial 4p deletion highly variable in size in individual patients. The core WHS phenotype is defined by the association of growth delay, ...

    Authors: Yanrui Jiang, Huizhen Sun, Qingmin Lin, Zengge Wang, Guanghai Wang, Jian Wang, Fan Jiang and Ruen Yao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:134

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Proximal symphalangism (SYM1; OMIM 185800), also called Cushing’s symphalangism, is an infrequent autosomal dominant disease. An SYM1 patient typically features variable fusion of proximal interphalangeal join...

    Authors: Yanwei Sha, Ding Ma, Ning Zhang, Xiaoli Wei, Wensheng Liu and Xiong Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  3. FOXL2 gene mutations cause blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) and may be associated with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). Two types of BPES were described in the literature. BPES ty...

    Authors: Barbara Grzechocińska, Damian Warzecha, Maria Wypchło, Rafal Ploski and Mirosław Wielgoś

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:132

    Content type: Case report

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  4. CHEK2 is involved in the DNA damage repair response Fanconi anemia (FA)-BRCA pathway. An increased risk for breast and other cancers has been documented in individuals who carry a single pathogenic CHEK2 variant....

    Authors: Konstantinos Agiannitopoulos, Eirini Papadopoulou, Georgios N. Tsaousis, Georgia Pepe, Stavroula Kampouri, Mehmet Ali Kocdor and George Nasioulas

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:131

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a group of rare genetically heterogeneous disorders. The present study aimed to identify the genetic cause of a Chinese Han family with non-syndromic oculocutaneous albinism (O...

    Authors: Hairong Wang, Yang Wan, Yun Yang, Hao Li, Liangwei Mao, Shuyang Gao, Jingjing Xu and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:130

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Several studies have been performed to investigate the associations between interleukin (IL)-8 rs4073 polymorphism and acute pancreatitis (AP), but the results are inconclusive. We conducted this cumulative me...

    Authors: Yening Li, Jing Bai, Bing He, Nan Wang, Haoran Wang and Dongliang Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Increasingly, molecular measurements from multiple studies are pooled to identify risk scores, with only partial overlap of measurements available from different studies. Univariate analyses of such markers ha...

    Authors: Anne-Sophie Stelzer, Livia Maccioni, Aslihan Gerhold-Ay, Karin E. Smedby, Martin Schumacher, Alexandra Nieters and Harald Binder

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:128

    Content type: Technical advance

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  8. CHARGE syndrome (MIM# 214800)—which is characterised by a number of congenital anomalies including coloboma, ear anomalies, deafness, facial anomalies, heart defects, atresia choanae, genital hypoplasia, growt...

    Authors: Evelina Siavrienė, Gunda Petraitytė, Violeta Mikštienė, Tautvydas Rančelis, Živilė Maldžienė, Aušra Morkūnienė, Jekaterina Byčkova, Algirdas Utkus, Vaidutis Kučinskas and Eglė Preikšaitienė

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:127

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Osteodysplasia of the oral and maxillofacial bone is generally accompanied by systemic bone abnormalities (such as short stature, joint contracture) or other systemic abnormalities (such as renal, dermatologic...

    Authors: Ken-ichi Aoyama, Minoru Kimura, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Masahiro Uchibori, Rena Kojima, Yuko Osawa, Kazuyoshi Hosomichi, Yoshihide Ota, Masayuki Tanaka, Shiro Yamada and Gen Nishimura

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:126

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Alpha 1 Antitrypsin (AAT) is a key serum proteinase inhibitor encoded by SERPINA1. Sequence variants of the gene can cause Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), a condition associated with lung and liver disease...

    Authors: Friedrich Kueppers, Mark D. Andrake, Qifang Xu, Roland L. Dunbrack Jr, Joannah Kim and Christopher L. Sanders

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:125

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The association between mutations in the TNFAIP3 gene and a new autoinflammatory disease (called A20 haploinsufficiency, HA20) has recently been recognized. Here, we describe four patients with HA20 from two u...

    Authors: Guo-min Li, Hai-mei Liu, Wan-zhen Guan, Hong Xu, Bing-bing Wu and Li Sun

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:124

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease (1 per 100 000 newborns) caused by NPC proteins impairment that leads to unesterified cholesterol accumulation in late endosomal/lys...

    Authors: Anna V. Degtyareva, Tatiana Y. Proshlyakova, Marina S. Gautier, Dmitry N. Degtyarev, Elena A. Kamenets, Galina V. Baydakova, Denis V. Rebrikov and Ekaterina Y. Zakharova

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:123

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Fanconi anemia (FA) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder characterized by congenital anomalies, early-onset bone marrow failure, and a high predisposition to cancers. Up to know, different genes involved in the...

    Authors: Soheila Zareifar, Hassan Dastsooz, Mahdi Shahriari, Mohammad Ali Faghihi, Golsa Shekarkhar, Mohammadreza Bordbar, Omid Reza Zekavat and Nader Shakibazad

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:122

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The mitochondrial genotype 5178 cytosine/adenine (5178 C > A) within the NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 gene (ND2) was proved to associate with longevity and predispose resistance to adult-onset diseases. This s...

    Authors: Xi Chen, Xiang-Yu He, Chao Zhu, Yusong Zhang, Zongbin Li, Yuqi Liu, Yuxiao Zhang, Tong Yin and Yang Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Mutations in ARL6IP1, which encodes a tetraspan membrane protein localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), have been recently described in a large family with a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegi...

    Authors: Salma M. Wakil, Safa Alhissi, Haya Al Dossari, Ayesha Alqahtani, Sherin Shibin, Brahim T. Melaiki, Josef Finsterer, Amal Al-Hashem, Saeed Bohlega and Anas M. Alazami

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:119

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Recessive mutations of coding regions and splice sites of the SLC26A4 gene cause hearing loss with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct (EVA). Some patients also have a thyroid iodination defect that can lead t...

    Authors: Janet R. Chao, Parna Chattaraj, Tina Munjal, Keiji Honda, Kelly A. King, Christopher K. Zalewski, Wade W. Chien, Carmen C. Brewer and Andrew J. Griffith

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive choices in regenerative medicine and can be genetically modified to obtain better results in therapeutics. Bone development and metabolism are controlled by various...

    Authors: Samaneh Mollazadeh, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz, Vajiheh Neshati, Antoine A. F. de Vries, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin, Majid Mojarad, Mahdi Mirahmadi, Zeinab Neshati and Mohammad Amin Kerachian

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:117

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Preterm birth is a significant clinical problem and an enormous burden on society, affecting one in eight pregnant women and their newborns. Despite decades of research, the molecular mechanism underlying its ...

    Authors: Jessica Schuster, Alper Uzun, Joan Stablia, Christoph Schorl, Mari Mori and James F. Padbury

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Calreticulin (CALR) gene mutations are currently recommended as biomarkers in diagnosis of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) with Jak2 V617F negative phenotype. Our aim was to establish a rapid, lo...

    Authors: Ngo Tat Trung, Dao Thanh Quyen, Nghiem Xuan Hoan, Dao Phuong Giang, Tran Thi Huyen Trang, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Mai Hong Bang and Le Huu Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency (MIM #243700) is a rare disease, leads to a combined primary immunodeficiency (PID), and accounts for the autosomal recessive-hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AR-H...

    Authors: Lika’a Fasih Y. Al-Kzayer, Hanadi Munaf H. Al-Aradi, Tomonari Shigemura, Kenji Sano, Miyuki Tanaka, Motoharu Hamada, Kenan Hussien Ali, Osamah Mohammed Aldaghir, Yozo Nakazawa and Yusuke Okuno

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:114

    Content type: Case report

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  21. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the relationship between the transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) + 869 T/C gene polymorphism, + 915 G/C gene polymorphism, and the susceptibility of acute reje...

    Authors: Hong-Yan Li, Tianbiao Zhou, Shujun Lin and Wenshan Lin

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:113

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), also known as de-Morsier syndrome, is a rare disorder characterized by any combination of optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary gland hypoplasia, and midline abnormalities of the brain...

    Authors: A. Fernández-Marmiesse, M. S. Pérez-Poyato, A. Fontalba, E. Marco de Lucas, M. T. Martínez, M. J. Cabero Pérez and M. L. Couce

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:112

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is still one of the common causes of refractory nephrotic syndrome. Nephrin, encoded by podocyte-specific NPHS1 gene, participated in the pathogenesis of FSGS. The sit...

    Authors: Ling Zhuo, Lulin Huang, Zhenglin Yang, Guisen Li and Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Citrullinemia type I (CTLN1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle caused by a deficiency in the argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) enzyme due to mutations in the ASS1 gene. Only a few Chinese...

    Authors: Yiming Lin, Hongzhi Gao, Bin Lu, Shuang Zhou, Tianwen Zheng, Weihua Lin, Lin Zhu, Mengyi Jiang and Qingliu Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:110

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Gallstone disease (GSD) is a common biliary tract disease worldwide. Previous studies have investigated the association of apolipoprotein E (APOE) E4 with GSD and reported inconsistent results.

    Authors: Lizhuo Li, Xin Qiao, Xia Wang, Di Liu, Qingmu Xue, Lu Han, Fei Dai, Guomin Ma, Zhipeng Yang, Tao Zhang, Shuo Yang, Shikang Cai, Mingyue Gao and Jingyun Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:109

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Split hand/foot malformation (SHFM) is a group of congenital skeletal disorders which may occur either as an isolated abnormality or in syndromic forms with extra-limb manifestations. Chromosomal micro-duplica...

    Authors: Chamara Sampath Paththinige, Nirmala Dushyanthi Sirisena, Fabienne Escande, Sylvie Manouvrier, Florence Petit and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:108

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is believed to be a polygenic disorder that develops as a result of a complex interaction between multiple genes and environmental factors. KCNJ11 gene encodes a Kir6.2 protein which f...

    Authors: Osama Makhzoom, Younes Kabalan and Faizeh AL-Quobaili

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a human autosomal-recessive hypopigmentation disorder with hypopigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. OCA1 and OCA2 are caused by mutations of the TYR and OCA2 genes, respectiv...

    Authors: Qi Yang, Sheng Yi, Mengting Li, Bobo Xie, Jinsi Luo, Jin Wang, Xiuliang Rong, Qinle Zhang, Zailong Qin, Limei Hang, Shihan Feng and Xin Fan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:106

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is characterized by specific abnormalities of the anterior segment of the eye. Heterozygous mutations in two developmental transcri...

    Authors: Lusi Zhang, Yingqian Peng, Pingbo Ouyang, Youling Liang, Huilan Zeng, Nuo Wang, Xuanchu Duan and Jingming Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:105

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A multidirectional relationship has been demonstrated between myocardial infarction (MI) and depression. However, the causal genetic factors and molecular mechanisms underlying this interaction remain unclear....

    Authors: Zhenguo Dai, Qian Li, Guang Yang, Yini Wang, Yang Liu, Zhilei Zheng, Yingfeng Tu, Shuang Yang and Bo Yu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most deadly gynaecological cancer, contributing significantly to female cancer-related deaths worldwide. Improving the outlook for OC patients depends on the identification of more r...

    Authors: Qian Zhao and Conghong Fan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:103

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Multiple factors are implicated in the etiology and pathogenesis of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA). Available literature of genetic studies has previously suggested the possible roles of autoimmunity, geneti...

    Authors: Javier E. Anaya-Ayala, Susana Hernandez-Doño, Monica Escamilla-Tilch, Jose Marquez-Garcia, Kemberly Hernandez-Sotelo, Rodrigo Lozano-Corona, Daniela Ruiz-Gomez, Julio Granados and Carlos A. Hinojosa

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  33. N-terminal acetylation is a common protein modification in human cells and is catalysed by N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs), mostly cotranslationally. The NAA10-NAA15 (NatA) protein complex is the major NA...

    Authors: Rasmus Ree, Anni Sofie Geithus, Pernille Mathiesen Tørring, Kristina Pilekær Sørensen, Mads Damkjær, Sally Ann Lynch and Thomas Arnesen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cervical cancer has high prevalence and mortality rates in worldwide female population. Persistent infection by high-risk Human Papillomavirus (hr-HPV) is the main cause of this cancer. However, many environme...

    Authors: Nayara Nascimento Toledo Silva, Adriano de Paula Sabino, Alexandre Tafuri and Angélica Alves Lima

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), defined as a cluster of metabolic risk factors including dyslipidemia, insulin-resistance, and elevated blood pressure, has been known as partly heritable. MetS effects the lives of ...

    Authors: Sokanha Kong and Yoon Shin Cho

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:99

    Content type: Research article

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  36. X-linked Adrenal Hypoplasia Congenita (AHC) is a rare cause of primary adrenal insufficiency due to mutations in the NR0B1 gene, causing a loss of function of the nuclear receptor protein DAX-1. Adrenal insuffici...

    Authors: Lorenzo Iughetti, Laura Lucaccioni, Patrizia Bruzzi, Silvia Ciancia, Elena Bigi, Simona Filomena Madeo, Barbara Predieri and Florence Roucher-Boulez

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:98

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors that include: abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and glucose intolerance. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPT...

    Authors: Sara Kharazmi-Khorassani, Jasmin Kharazmi-Khorassani, Azam Rastegar-Moghadam, Sara Samadi, Hamideh Ghazizadeh, Maryam Tayefi, Gordon A. Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan and Habibollah Esmaily

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The highly conservative miR-15/107 family (also named as miR-15/107 gene group) including ten miRNA members is currently recognized strongly implicated in multiple human disorders. Some studies focus on the en...

    Authors: Si Wang, Wenhua Zhu, Jing Xu, Yuanxu Guo, Jidong Yan, Liesu Meng, Congshan Jiang and Shemin Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Tubulinopathies result from mutations in tubulin genes, including TUBG1, responsible for cell microtubules, are characterized by brain development abnormalities, microcephaly, early-onset epilepsy, and motor impa...

    Authors: Yue T. K. Yuen, Ilaria Guella, Elke Roland, Michael Sargent and Cyrus Boelman

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:95

    Content type: Case report

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  40. There are several studies with inconsistent conclusions regarding the association between the rs1801133 and rs1801131 polymorphisms within the MTHFR (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase) gene and colorectal polyp...

    Authors: Manyi Sun, Jin Zhong, Li Zhang and Songli Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  41. CHARGE syndrome is characterized by coloboma, heart defects, choanal atresia, growth retardation, genitourinary malformation and ear abnormalities. The chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene is t...

    Authors: Xiang Chen, Kai Yan, Yanyan Gao, Huijun Wang, Guoqiang Chen, Bingbing Wu, Qian Qin, Lin Yang and Wenhao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a common type of hereditary hemolytic anemia. According to the current diagnostic criteria of HS, patients with a family history of HS, typical clinical features and laboratory...

    Authors: Hongwei Shen, Hui Huang, Kaizhong Luo, Yan Yi and Xiaoliu Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:90

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Cystic fibrosis has been largely under-diagnosed and thus, limited data is available on the incidence of cystic fibrosis in Sri Lanka. Our aim is to describe the phenotypic and genotypic spectrum of children w...

    Authors: Neluwa Liyanage Ruwan Indika, Dinesha Maduri Vidanapathirana, Hewa Warawitage Dilanthi, Grace Angeline Malarnangai Kularatnam, Nambage Dona Priyani Dhammika Chandrasiri and Eresha Jasinge

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:89

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessively-inherited defect of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism. The absence of SSADH, which is encoded by aldehyde dehydrogenas...

    Authors: Ping Wang, Fengying Cai, Lirong Cao, Yizheng Wang, Qianqian Zou, Peng Zhao, Chao Wang, Yuqin Zhang, Chunquan Cai and Jianbo Shu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:88

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP) have been showed to be associated with natural history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, it is ...

    Authors: Natthaya Chuaypen, Nongnaput Tuyapala, Nutcha Pinjaroen, Sunchai Payungporn and Pisit Tangkijvanich

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I), also known as von Gierk disease, is a metabolic disorder leading to the excessive accumulation of glycogen and fat in organs, characterized by hepatomegaly, hypoglycemi...

    Authors: Wenying Wang, Rentao Yu, Wenting Tan, Yunjie Dan, Guohong Deng and Jie Xia

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:85

    Content type: Case report

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