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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical characteristics of the study subjects

From: Establishing a genetic link between FTO and VDR gene polymorphisms and obesity in the Emirati population

Category Variable Obese (n = 201) Overweight (n = 115) Normal (n = 98) p-value
Demographic data Age (years) 57.48 ± 11.80 57.66 ± 12.05 52.10 ± 15.56 0.001*
BMI (kg/m2) 35.77 ± 4.55 27.56 ± 1.44 22.72 ± 1.84 < 0.00001*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131.05 ± 16.18 126.63 ± 16.70 122.68 ± 19.28 0.0006*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74.30 ± 10.71 72.74 ± 11.87 71.58 ± 11.94 0.155
Biochemical tests HbA1c (%) 7.24 ± 1.48 7.19 ± 1.48 6.57 ± 1.17 0.033*
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 1.80 ± 2.25 1.59 ± 1.56 1.15 ± 0.58 0.091
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.20 ± 1.45 4.19 ± 1.68 4.37 ± 1.11 0.738
HDL Cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.30 ± 0.68 1.17 ± 0.40 1.30 ± 0.38 0.162
LDL Cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.23 ± 1.03 2.36 ± 1.29 2.54 ± 1.02 0.199
Lifestyle data Smoker (Yes) 8.08% 7.96% 10.41% 0.769
Physically active (Yes) 53.77% 57.39% 43.75% 0.124
  1. All continuous variables are presented as mean ± standard deviation. All binary variables are presented as percentages Abbreviations- BMI Body mass index, HbA1c Glycosylated hemoglobin, HDL High density lipoprotein, LDL Low density lipoprotein, n Number of individuals. *Significant p-values< 0.05 are in bold