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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of cases (n = 272) and controls (n = 367) (Data are n, mean ± SD)

From: Resequencing of genes for transforming growth factor β1 (TGFB1) type 1 and 2 receptors (TGFBR1, TGFBR2), and association analysis of variants with diabetic nephropathy

Criteria Cases Controls
N 272 367
Gender   
Male 61.4 % 40.3 %
Female 38.6 % 59.7 %
Age at Diagnosis (years) 17.1 ± 8.2 16.8 ± 8.1
*Duration of Diabetes (years) 26.9 ± 8.3 27.7 ± 9.0
HbA1 C (%) 8.5 ± 1.7 8.4 ± 1.6
BMI (kg/m2) 26.0 ± 3.8 26.2 ± 3.5
Systolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 150.1 ± 22.6 126.9 ± 16.6
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 86.5 ± 11.4 76.1 ± 7.3
  1. * Duration of diabetes was calculated from the date of diagnosis of diabetes to date of recruitment
  2. * BMI = body mass index